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Shulmanu (Shulman) is a god of the underworld, fertility, and war in the Mesopotamian religion of the East Semitic Akkadians, Assyrians and Babylonians, and later also the western Semitic peoples such as Arameans, Canaanites and Phoenicians. Shulmanu was found in Assyria c. 2000 to 600 BC and is known from Bronze Age inscriptions at Sidon. Shulmanu-Shulman appears as a part of the name of various kings of Assyria from the 14th century BC, such as Shalmaneser III (Šulmānu-ašarēdu, "the god Shulmanu is pre-eminent").


  • Michael Jordan, Encyclopedia of Gods, Kyle Cathie Limited, 2002