Sikandar Adil Shah

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Sikandar Adil Shah
Sultan of Bijapur
The House of Bijapur.jpg
A painting of "The House of Bijapur" was completed in the year 1680, during the reign of Sikandar Adil Shah the last ruler of the Adil Shahi dynasty.
Reign 1672–1686
Predecessor Ali Adil Shah II
Successor Mughal Empire
Died 1686
Burial Sikandar Bag
Spouse Daughter of Abul Hasan Tana Shah
Issue One son Sultan Muhammad and a daughter
Full name
Sultan Sikandar Qadari
House House of Osman
Dynasty Adil Shahi Empire
Father Ali Adil Shah II
Mother Khursheeda Khanum
Religion Sunni Muslim

Sikandar Adil Shah was placed on the throne of Bijapur in 1672 at four years of age. Therefore, his reign (1672–1686) is one of regents and ministers and was marked by chronic civil war among factious nobles, independence of provincial governors, paralysis of the central administration, Mughal invasions, secret alliances but pretend hostilities with the Maratha Empire and other neighbors, and the final absorption of Bijapur into the Mughal Empire in 1686.

The prestige of Bijapur was so seriously damaged by internal disruptions that the Mughal General Diler Khan almost coerced and humiliated Sikandar. Despite several sacrifices and desperate attempts on the part of Sikandar, he could not satisfy the growing greed of the Mughals. Sikandar’s alliance with Sambhaji (who was Hindu) further aggravated Mughal-Bijapur relations.

At last, Emperor Aurangzeb himself marched out in 1685 with a large army to fulfill the ambition of his life. After desperately defending his capital and withstanding the prolonged siege of Bijapur in 1685-1686, Sikandar was unable to halt the Mughal assault led by Aurangzeb. On 12 September 1686, Bijapur was occupied, its garrison surrendered and Bijapur Fort was annexed by the Mughal Empire.

Sikandar Adil Shah was captured bound in silver chains and brought before the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, to whom he bowed three times. Aurangzeb then sent him and his followers to Daulatabad fort, where he died during captivity.[1] Sikandar Adil Shah and was eventually buried at foot side of his spiritual teacher Hazrat Naimullah Hashmi in the open yard in the New Market Place of Bijapur. The Adil Shahi dynasty thus came to an end.


  1. ^ Aurangzeb - Muni Lal - Google Books. 2002-12-01. Retrieved 2011-11-20. 
  • Wakiyate Mamlakate Bijapur by Basheeruddin Dehelvi.
  • Tareekhe Farishta by Kasim Farishta
  • External Relation of Bijapur Adil Shahis.
Preceded by
Ali Adil Shah II
Adil Shahi Rulers of Bijapur
Succeeded by
Aurangzeb captured Bijapur