Silicon organic water repellent

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Organosilicon water repellent:

water solution of siliconate[edit]

The water-repelling liquid is applied:

  • To provide the surface of materials with excellent water resistance properties - the surface does not absorb water;
  • To make the material frost- and corrosion resistant;
  • To reduce the pollution of surface;

In addition, the treated surface does not change its appearance, maintains air permeability - material is not sweated and retains the ability to output pairs. The water-repelling liquid is applied:

  • To provide the surface of materials with excellent water resistance properties - the surface does not absorb water;
  • To make the material frost- and corrosion resistant;
  • To reduce the pollution of surface;

In addition, the treated surface does not change its appearance, maintains air permeability - material is not sweated and retains the ability to output pairs.

  • The liquid is methyl hydride siloxane polymer with low viscosity of light-yellow color or colorless.
  • It is readily dissoluble in aromatic and chlorinated hydrocarbons, and is undergone to gelation in the presence of amines, amino alcohols, strong acids and alkalis.
  • No dissolution in lower alcohols and water.

The positive effects of the application of methyl hydride siloxane:

  • Improved water resistance of various building materials - water remains on the surface in the form of droplets and does not penetrate the material;
  • Increases frost resistance and improves thermal insulation materials;
  • Does not prevent air exchange – the construction outputs pair outside and does not accumulate moisture;
  • Prevents UV and infrared radiation;
  • Preserves the appearance of the material;
  • Extends the service life of materials;
  • Prevents surface mosses and lichens.

Water emulsion of organo silicon the methyl hydride siloxane with additives of emulsifier, biocides and stabilizers Solids content in the emulsion SE 50-94M is 50%. The color is from white to light gray.

Application:

The emulsion oligo methyl hydride siloxane has properties and characteristics similar with the methyl hydride siloxane. The emulsion is also used to provide various materials with water repellency properties.

However, as oligo methyl hydride siloxane is the water emulsion, it can be applied as an additive in the production of solutions and mixtures that is by the volumetric method.

  • for concrete, asbestos, gypsum, ceramic, porcelain
  • in the production of waterproof papers and leather;
  • in the production of water-resistant fabrics;
  • by volumetric method in the manufacture of paving tiles, slabs, curbs, fences of different silicate materials;
  • as plasticizer in the preparation of plaster, lime and cement solutions;
  • as an air involving admixture in the preparation of cement solution

Liquid is a mixture of tetra ethoxy silane and polyethoxy siloxanes.

Application

  • Metal manufacture: binding agent in the manufacture of ceramic molds for precision core-mold casting; manufacture of rods exposed to high temperatures; manufacture of non-stick paints;
  • Textile industry: feltproofing of woolen cloths; abatement of carpet shrinkage; antirot and antidust protection of carpets; impregnating compound for filter cloths;
  • Construction engineering: hydrophobization of construction materials, treatment of coated surfaces; porosity decreasing impregnation of concrete; manufacture of acid-resistant cement;
  • Glasswork and cerarnics: antireflection treatment of optical glass; application of light-diffusing coat to electric light bulbs; binding agent for ceramic mixtures, resistant to strongly corrosive mediums, with high manufacture of fireproof material standing temperatures of about 1750°C and stress of above 127kg/cm3;
  • Coating industry: paint additives forming quick-drying, thermostable and water-resistant coats with constant gloss.

See also[edit]

References[edit]