Simone Mareuil

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Simone Mareuil
Marie Louise Simone Vacher

(1899-08-25)25 August 1899
Died24 October 1954(1954-10-24) (aged 55)
Périgueux, Dordogne, France
Other namesSimonne
Spouse(s)Philippe Hersent

Simone Mareuil (French pronunciation: ​[simɔn maʁøj]; 25 August 1899 – 24 October 1954) was a French actress best known for appearing in the surrealist film Un Chien Andalou.[1]

Born Marie Louise Simone Vacher in Périgueux, Dordogne, she appeared in a number of films, most notably director Luis Buñuel's Un Chien Andalou (An Andalusian Dog, 1929). She was the second wife of actor Philippe Hersent.[2][3]

After World War II, she returned to Périgueux, where she fell into a deep depression.[4][5] She committed suicide by self-immolation — dousing herself in gasoline and burning herself to death in a public square.[6][7][8][9]


Year Title Role Other notes
1924 L'Ombre du bonheur
La Galerie des monstres Alternative titles: Gallery of Monsters, La Barraca de los monstruos
1925 A Gentleman of the Ring
1926 Le Juif errant Céphise
1927 Poker d'as
La Petite chocolatière Alternative title: The Chocolate Girl
Genêt d'Espagne
1929 Peau de pêche Alternative title: Peach Skin
La Fée moderne
The Ladies in the Green Hats
Un Chien Andalou Young girl Alternative title: An Andalusian Dog; credited as Simonne Mareuil
1930 Our Masters, the Servants Alternative title: Our Masters, the Servants
1931 Le Juif polonais Annette Alternative title: Polish Jew
Heart of Paris Jeannette Durand Alternative title: Le Coeur de Paris
1932 Le Soir des rois Charlotte Oltendorf Alternative title: How Shall I Tell My Husband?
1933 Miss Helyett Lolotte
Mariage à responsabilité limitée
L'Héritier du Bal Tabarin Mademoiselle Longuebois
1936 The Lover of Madame Vidal
1940 Sur le plancher des vaches Gaby


  1. ^ R. Bruce Elder, DADA, Surrealism, and the Cinematic Effect, p. 615
  2. ^ Simone Mareuil (1899–1954)
  3. ^ Philippe Hersent (1912–1982)
  4. ^ List of actresses who committed suicide
  5. ^ A survey of key surrealist films and a look at alternative films that share in the surrealist sensibility. "More disturbingly and strangely surrealistically, Simone Mareuil died via self-immolation with gasoline in a public square in Perigueux, her hometown. She was deeply depressed after World War II and had just returned to her hometown."
  6. ^ ¿Quién es la actriz a la que Buñuel secciona el ojo en el film “Un perro andaluz”?
  7. ^ Powrie, Phil; Rebillard, Eric (2009). "Parody and the avant-garde: Un Chien Andalou". Pierre Batcheff and Stardom in 1920s French Cinema. Edinburgh University Press. p. 151. ISBN 978-0-7486-2197-2. Retrieved 3 June 2009.
  8. ^ Un Chien Andalou
  9. ^ Baxter, John (1995). Buñuel. New York: Fourth Estate. p. 137. ISBN 978-1-85702-353-4.

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