Sind krait

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Sind krait
Sind Krait.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Elapidae
Genus: Bungarus
B. sindanus
Binomial name
Bungarus sindanus
Boulenger, 1897
  • Bungarus walli
    Wall, 1907
  • Bungarus caeruleus sindanus
    Klemmer, 1963

The Sind krait (Bungarus sindanus) is a species of krait, a venomous elapid snake found in India, Nepal, and Pakistan. Three subspecies are recognized. It can be confused with the common krait and even with the Indian rat snake.


The sind krait is generally 1 m (3 ft) with some specimens as long as 1.8 m (6 ft). Their most visible feature is their narrow white bands, though bands can be either yellow or grey depending on the color variation, young have white spots on the one-third of body instead of bands (which are visible when the younger one has grown), they have egg-shaped head with short snout, small eyes, upper lips either yellow or white and pointed tip tail.[2]


Sind kraits are nocturnal.[3][2]

Geographic range[edit]

B. sindanus is found in India, Nepal, and Pakistan and USA It is recorded in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, West Bengal (Jalpaiguri and Midnapur District), Rajasthan, and Gujarat in India. The geographic ranges of the subspecies are:

  • B. s. razai Khan, 1985 - north Pakistan
  • B. s. sindanus Boulenger, 1897 - southern Pakistan, adjacent India; type locality: Sindh, West Pakistan


The subspecific name, walli, is in honor of British herpetologist Frank Wall, who named the taxon after himself, admitting that it was a "breach of ethics" to do so.[4][5]


  1. ^ "Bungarus sindanus ". The Reptile Database.
  2. ^ a b "Snakes of Pakistan: Common Krait, Sindhi Krait, Northern Punjab Krait". Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  3. ^ "About SHE". Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  4. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Bungarus sindanus walli, p. 79).
  5. ^ Wall (1907).

Further reading[edit]

  • Boulenger GA (1897). "A new krait from Sind (Bungarus sindanus)". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 11: 73-74.
  • Kuch, Ulrich (2004). Bungarus sindanus Boulenger, 1897, an addition to the venomous snake fauna of Afghanistan". Herpetozoa 16 (3/4): 171-173.
  • Vyas, Raju (1998). "Unusual marking pattern in krait Bungarus sindanus ". Cobra 32: 34-35.
  • Wall F (1907). "A new krait from Oudh (Bungarus walli)". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 155-157.

External links[edit]