Sinocyclocheilus

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Sinocyclocheilus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Genus: Sinocyclocheilus
P. W. Fang, 1936
Type species
Sinocyclocheilus tingi
P. W. Fang, 1936
Synonyms

Anchicyclocheilus Li & Lan, 1992
Gibbibarbus Dai, 1988

Sinocyclocheilus is a genus of freshwater fish in the family Cyprinidae endemic to China, where only found in Guangxi, Guizhou and Yunnan.[1] Almost all of its species live in or around caves and have adaptions typical of cavefish such as a lack of scales, lack of pigmentation and reduced eyes.[1] Several species have an unusual hunchbacked appearance and some of the cave-dwellers have a "horn" on the back, the function of which is unclear.[1] The individual species have small ranges and populations, leading to their status as threatened.[1]

The type species is S. tingi. The name is derived from the Latin word sino, meaning "from China", and the Greek word kyklos, meaning "circle", and the Greek word cheilos, meaning "lip".[2]

Species[edit]

There are currently 67 recognized species in this genus.[2] Several others are now considered synonyms and jinxiensis, traditionally placed in this genus, was moved to the monotypic Pseudosinocyclocheilus in 2016.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Ma, L.; and Y.-H. Zhao (2012). Cavefish of China. Pp. 107—125 in: White, W.B.; and D.C. Cuvier, editors. Encyclopedia of Caves. Elsevier. ISBN 9780123838322
  2. ^ a b Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2016). Species of Sinocyclocheilus in FishBase. January 2016 version.
  3. ^ Zhang, C. & Zhao, Y.-H. (2016). Species Diversity and Distribution of Inland Fishes in China. Science Press. p. 296. ISBN 9787030472106. 
  4. ^ a b Lan, J., Gan, X., Wu, T. & Yang, J. (2013): Cave Fishes of Guangxi, China. Science Press, Beijing. 1-266.
  5. ^ Zhao, Y.-H. & Zhang, C.-G. (2013): Validation and re-description of Sinocyclocheilus aluensis Li & Xiao, 2005 (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae). Zoological Research, 34 (4): 374−378.
  6. ^ Gan, X., Wu, T.-J., Wei, M.-L. & Yang, J. (2013): A new blind barbine species, Sinocyclocheilus anshuiensis sp. nov. (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from Guangxi, China. Zoological Research, 34 (5): 459-463.
  7. ^ Li, J., Li, X. & Mayden, R.L. (2014): Sinocyclocheilus brevifinus (Teleostei: Cyprinidae), a new species of cavefish from Guangxi, China. Zootaxa, 3873 (1): 37–48.
  8. ^ Zhu, D.-G. & Zhu, Y. (2012): A new species Sinocyclycheilus flexuosdorsalis (Cypriniformes, Cyprinidae) from Guangxi, China. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 37 (1): 222-226.
  9. ^ Wang, D., Zhao, Y., Yang, J. & Zhang, C. (2014): A new cavefish species from Southwest China, Sinocyclocheilus gracilicaudatus sp. nov. (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae). Zootaxa, 3768 (5): 583–590.
  10. ^ Li, J. & Li, X.-H. (2014): Sinocyclocheilus gracilis, a new species of hypogean fish from Guangxi, South China (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 24 (3): 249-256.
  11. ^ Chen, Y.-Q., Peng, C.-L. & Zhang, E (2016): Sinocyclocheilus guanyangensis, a new species of cavefish from the Li-Jiang basin of Guangxi, China (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 27 (1): 1-8.
  12. ^ Zhu, D.-G., Zhu, Y. & Lan, J.-H. (2011): Description of a new species of Barbinae, Sinocyclocheilus huangtianensis from China (Teleostei: Cypinidae). Zoological Research, 32 (2): 204-207.
  13. ^ Cheng, C., Pan, X., Chen, X., Li, J., Ma, L. & Yang, J. (2015): A new species of the genus Sinocyclocheilus (Teleostei: Cypriniformes), from Jinshajiang Drainage, Yunnan, China. Cave Research, 1 (2): 16-19.
  14. ^ Liang, X.-F., Cao, L. & Zhang, C.-G. (2011): Molecular phylogeny of the Sinocyclocheilus (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) fishes in northwest part of Guangxi, China. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 92 (3): 371-379.
  15. ^ Li, W.-X. & An, L. (2013): A New Species of Sinocyclocheilus from Kunming,Yunnan —— Sinocyclocheilus wui sp nov. Journal of Jishou University (Natural Science Edition), 34 (1): 82-84.
  16. ^ Pan, X.-F., Li, L., Yang, J.-X. & Chen, X.-Y. (2013): Sinocyclocheilus xichouensis, a new species of golden-line fish from the Red River drainage in Yunnan, China (Teleostei: Cypriniformes). Zoological Research, 34 (4): 368-373.