Sinomicrurus sauteri

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Sinomicrurus sauteri
Sinomicrurus sauteri 380663.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Elapidae
Genus: Sinomicrurus
Species:
S. sauteri
Binomial name
Sinomicrurus sauteri
(Steindachner, 1913)
Synonyms[2]
  • Oligodon sauteri
    Steindachner, 1913
  • Hemibungarus matsudai
    Ōshima, 1920
  • Hemibungarus sauteri
    Maki, 1931
  • Calliophis japonicus sauteri
    Loveridge, 1946
  • Calliophis sauteri
    Takara, 1962
  • Micrurus japonicus sauteri
    Welch, 1994
  • Sinomicrurus sauteri
    Slowinski, Boundy & R. Lawson, 2001

Sinomicrurus sauteri (common names: Taiwan coral snake,[3] oriental coral snake[2]) or Formosa coral snake[4] is a highly venomous[3][2] species of snake in the family Elapidae.[1][3][2][5] The species is endemic to Taiwan and known from southern and central Taiwan at elevations of 500–1,500 m (1,600–4,900 ft) above sea level.[1][3]

Sinomicrurus sauteri w0073.jpg

Etymology[edit]

The specific name, sauteri, is in honor of German entomologist Hans Sauter (1871–1943).[6]

Description[edit]

S. sauteri grows to 98 cm (39 in) in total length (including tail).[3] The upper side of the body is dark brown or crimson, and has three black longitudinal stripes from neck to tip of tail, of which the mid-dorsal stripe is narrower than the lateral ones.[3]

Venom[edit]

Sinomicrurus sauteri is highly venomous. Although it is not aggressive and very few reports of attacks have been reported, its venom is potentially life-threatening.[3]

Reproduction[edit]

Sinomicrurus sauteri is oviparous.[1][3]

Habitat[edit]

Sinomicrurus sauteri may be found in forests or meadows in mountainous area at lower or middle altitudes. It is typically nocturnal.[1]

Conservation status[edit]

S. sauteri is a rare species[3] protected by the law.[1][3] It is not considered threatened.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Zhou, Z.; Rao, D.-q.; Lau, M.; Jiang, J.; Ji, X. (2012). "Sinomicrurus sauteri ". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012: e.T192173A2051007. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012-1.RLTS.T192173A2051007.en.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b c d Sinomicrurus sauteri at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 3 March 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Breuer, Hans; Murphy, William Christopher (2009–2010). "Sinomicrurus sauteri ". Snakes of Taiwan. Retrieved 3 March 2016.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  4. ^ https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%B8%B6%E7%B4%8B%E8%B5%A4%E8%9B%87
  5. ^ Shao, K.T. "Sinomicrurus sauteri (Steindachner, 1913)". Catalogue of life in Taiwan. Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taiwan. Retrieved 4 March 2016.
  6. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Sinomicrurus sauteri, p. 233).

Further reading[edit]

  • Slowinski, Joseph B; Boundy, Jeff; Lawson, Robin (2001). "The Phylogenetic Relationships of Asian Coral Snakes (Elapidae: Calliophis and Maticora) Based on Morphological and Molecular Characters". Herpetologica 57 (2): 233-245. (Sinomicrurus sauteri, new combination).
  • Steindachner F (1913). "Über zwei neue Schlangenarten von Formosa ". Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse 50: 218-220. (Oligodon sauteri, new species, pp. 219–220). (in German).