Sir Henry Jackson, 2nd Baronet

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Sir Henry Jackson whilst at Oxford by Thomas Henry Illidge.

Sir Henry Mather Jackson, 2nd Baronet, KC, DL (23 July 1831 – 8 March 1881)[1] was a British Liberal Party[2] politician who served as a Member of Parliament (MP) for Coventry from 1867 to 1868, and from 1874 to 1881, when he became a High Court judge.

Early life[edit]

Jackson was the eldest son of the Sir William Jackson, 1st Baronet (1805–1876) of Birkenhead,[3] a businessman who made his first fortune from palm oil imports, a second fortune in property development, before becoming an industrialist and railway entrepreneur and later a Liberal MP. His mother was Elizabeth née Hughes, from Liverpool.[3]

He was educated at Harrow and at Trinity College, Oxford, where he graduated in 1853 with a B.A. in Classics.[3] He was called to the bar in 1855 at Lincoln's Inn,[3] and took silk in 1873.[4]

His address was listed in 1881 as Llantilio Court, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire.[3] The house was located at Llantilio Crossenny, about six miles east of Abergavenny. Jackson had bought it in 1873 from Henry Morgan-Clifford, the former MP for Hereford,[5] and after his death it remained the home of his son Sir Henry Mather Jackson, 3rd Baronet. The house was demolished in 1930, leaving only the foundations and undercroft,[6][7] although the landscaped park remains.[8]

Llantilio Court and the baronetcy were inherited by his son, the 3rd Baronet, who was appointed in 1916 to a tribunal to consider appeals in Monmouthshire against conscription under the Military Service Act 1916.[9] As Chairman of the Monmouthshire Appeals Tribunal,[10] the third baronet was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in June 1918, for "services in connection with the war".[10]

Political career[edit]

Jackson first stood for Parliament at the 1865 general election, when he was unsuccessful in his native borough of Birkenhead.[2] After the death in 1867 of Morgan Treherne, one of the two MPs for Coventry, Jackson won the resulting by-election on 23 July 1867.[11] The result was declared void after an election petition,[11][12] but fellow Liberal Samuel Carter was elected in his place.[13] When he and Jackson stood again at the 1868 general election, both seats were won by Conservatives.[11] Jackson was returned to the House of Commons at the 1874 general election,[14] and was re-elected in 1880.[15]

He was commissioned in June 1876 as a Deputy Lieutenant[3] of Monmouthshire,[16] a position also held from May 1885 by his son, Sir Henry Mather Jackson, 3rd Baronet.[17] In 1879, Jackson was appointed to a Royal Commission to enquire into the condition of Cathedrals in England and Wales and their clergy.[18] He left Parliament in 1881 when he was appointed as a judge of the Queen's Bench division[11] of the High Court,[19] but died short afterwards, aged 49.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Baronets: J". Leigh Rayment's baronetage pages. Retrieved 28 July 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 46. ISBN 0-900178-26-4. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Robert Henry Mair. Debrett's illustrated House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1881. London: Dean & son. p. 123. Retrieved 28 July 2010. 
  4. ^ "No. 23944". The London Gazette. 4 February 1873. p. 467. 
  5. ^ "Sir Henry Mather-Jackson Collection of Llantilio-Crossenny Deeds". National Library of Wales. Archives Wales. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2010. 
  6. ^ "St Teilo's Church, Llantilio Crossenny". Abergavenny Tourist Guide. Retrieved 28 July 2010. 
  7. ^ "Borough plan: Conservation areas" (PDF). Monmouthshire Council. Retrieved 28 July 2010. 
  8. ^ "Sites for Cadw in South Wales East". Parks and Gardens UK. Retrieved 28 July 2010. 
  9. ^ "No. 29502". The London Gazette. 10 March 1916. pp. 2558–2560. 
  10. ^ a b "No. 30730". The London Gazette (Supplement). 4 June 1918. pp. 6685–6690. 
  11. ^ a b c d Craig, op. cit., page 100
  12. ^ "No. 23365". The London Gazette. 27 March 1868. p. 1902. 
  13. ^ "Samuel Carter". Dictionary of Unitarian and Universalist Biography. Retrieved 20 March 2018. 
  14. ^ "No. 24064". The London Gazette. 10 February 1874. p. 592. 
  15. ^ "No. 24829". The London Gazette. 2 April 1880. p. 2359. 
  16. ^ "No. 24340". The London Gazette. 27 June 1876. p. 3678. 
  17. ^ "No. 25472". The London Gazette. 22 May 1885. p. 2373. 
  18. ^ "No. 24741". The London Gazette. 8 July 1879. p. 4337. 
  19. ^ "No. 24950". The London Gazette. 15 March 1881. p. 1199. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry Eaton
Alexander Staveley Hill
Member of Parliament for Coventry
1874–1881
With: Henry Eaton 1874–1880
William Wills 1880–1881
Succeeded by
William Wills
Henry Eaton
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
William Jackson
Baronet
(of Birkenhead)
1876–1881
Succeeded by
Henry Mather-Jackson