|Died||1638 (aged 67–68)|
|Resting place||Westminster Abbey|
|Alma mater||University of St Andrews|
|Diophantus and Charidora|
He and his elder brother entered St Leonard's College in St Andrews in 1584. After graduating MA from St Andrews in 1588, he studied civil law at Paris, became ambassador to the Emperor,[clarification needed] and held other court offices.
He appears to have been well known to his literary contemporaries in Scotland and England. He became court poet to the queen of King James I and VI. He wrote poems in Latin, Greek, and English, and was one of the first Scots to write in standard English. His major work was Diophantus and Charidora.
He is also the author of a ballad called "Bothwell" about the battle fought by James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell with the border reiver, John Elliot of Park, also known as Little Jock Elliot or Little Jock of the Park. The ballad recounts how Bothwell, in attempting to arrest Little Jock Elliot, suffers life-threatening wounds, though he ends by slaying his foe. Ayton was eight years old at the time Bothwell perished in a dungeon in Denmark, and hence must have heard about the attempted arrest of Elliot by people familiar with the story, particularly as Bothwell was a figure of national renown.
The Border ballad "Little Jock Elliot" celebrates (among other events) the achievements of Little Jock Elliot on this occasion and has the refrain "My name is little Jock Elliot and wha daur meddle wi' me!". This latter ballad (of indeterminate age) also implicitly states that Little Jock Elliot survived the encounter with Bothwell.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 77. .
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Cousin, John William (1910). "Ayton, Sir Robert". A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. London: J. M. Dent & Sons. Wikisource
- Baynes, T.S., ed. (1878). Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (9th ed.). New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 165. .
- Grosart, Alexander Balloch (1885). Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 2. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 300–302. . In
- Law, M.D. (1961). "Aytoun, Sir Robert (1570-1638)". Chambers's Encyclopædia. 2. London: George Newnes. p. 15.
- Chambers, Robert & Thomson, Thomas Napier (1857). . A biographical dictionary of eminent Scotsmen. 1. Glasgow: Blackie and son. pp. 83–86.
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