Siropaiones, Siropaeones, Siriopaiones or Siriopaeones (Ancient Greek: Σιροπαίονες, Greek: Σιριοπαίονες, ή Σιρινοπαίονες) were an ancient Paeonian tribe inhabiting the Strymon plain. They were one of eight (Herodotus) or ten (Thucydides) tribes of Paeonia. They were situated from the Bisaltae and Odomanti to the south, Sinthi to the north, the Strymon[disambiguation needed] to the east, Maedi to the west, and a mountain chain separating them from Crestonia. Their capital was Siris (Serres). They were defeated by Persian general Megabazus (486 BC). They were expelled by the Persians to Asia Minor, where they are assumed to have founded Serraepolis.
- Hanswilhelm Haefs (2004). Ortsnamen und Ortsgeschichten in Schleswig-Holstein: zunebst dem reichhaltigen slawischen Ortsnamenmaterial und den dänischen Einflüssen auf Fehmarn und Lauenburg, Helgoland und Nordfriesland : woraus sich Anmerkungen zur Landesgeschichte ergeben. BoD – Books on Demand. pp. 188–. ISBN 978-3-8334-0509-9.
- Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond; Guy Thompson Griffith; Frank William Walbank (1972). A History of Macedonia: Historical geography and prehistory. Clarendon Press.
- Arnold Joseph Toynbee (1969). Some problems of Greek history. Oxford University Press.
- The Histories (Penguin Classics) by Herodotus, John M. Marincola, and Aubery de Selincourt, ISBN 0-14-044908-6, 2003, page 315: "... was that a number of Paeonian tribes - the Siriopaeones, Paeoplae, ..."
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