Small pratincole

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Small pratincole
Small pr.jpg
Small pratincole at Jayanti River,Jalpaiguri, India
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Glareolidae
Genus: Glareola
Species: G. lactea
Binomial name
Glareola lactea
(Temminck, 1820)

The small pratincole, little pratincole, or small Indian pratincole (Glareola lactea), is a small wader in the pratincole family, Glareolidae.

Small pratincole - chick

Distribution[edit]

The small pratincole is a resident breeder in India, Western Pakistan and southeast Asia. It breeds from December to March on gravel or sand banks in rivers, laying 2-4 eggs in a ground scrape. Breeding areas include small areas in northern Karnataka (along the Hemavathi river[2]) and northern Kerala near Kannur.

At Jayanti in Jalpaiguri District of West Bengal, India.

This species is only 16.5-18.5 cm in length, with a 15–16 cm wingspan. Because of its small size, the small pratincole can be briefly confused in flight with swifts or swallows.

Description[edit]

This bird has short legs, long pointed wings and a short tail. Its short bill is an adaptation to aerial feeding. On the ground, it looks mainly pale grey (hence lactea, milky). The crown of the head is brown.

The wings are grey above with black primaries and black and white bars at the rear edge of the inner flight feathers. The underwings are mainly black. The tail is white with a black terminal triangle. The belly is white.

Ecology[edit]

The most unusual feature of the pratincoles is that although classed as waders they typically hunt their insect prey on the wing like swallows, although they can also feed on the ground.

The small pratincole is a species of open country, and is often seen near water in the evening, hawking for insects.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Glareola lactea". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Worth,C Brooke (1953). "Ecological notes on a colony of Small Swallow-Plovers in Mysore State". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 51 (3): 608–622.