Yellow-fruit nightshade

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Solanum xanthocarpum)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Solanum virginianum
Solanum Xanthocarpum.jpg
Scientific classification
S. virginianum
Binomial name
Solanum virginianum
L., 1753
  • Solanum mairei H. Lév.
  • Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad. & H. Wendl.

Solanum virginianum, also called Surattense nightshade,[2] yellow-fruit nightshade, yellow-berried nightshade, Thai green eggplant, Thai striped eggplant (from the unripe fruit),[3] is a species of nightshade native to Asia (Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Afghanistan, Iran, China, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia), and is adventive in Egypt.[citation needed] It is a medicinal plant used in India, but the fruit is poisonous.[4]


The ripe yellow fruits are around 3 cm in diameter.[5] The plant has a shrub habit and is covered in sharp thorns which can be green or purple-ish. Flowers are typical of the solanum genus with five petals and can be white or purple with adnate yellow stamens emerging as a ring from the centre.

Traditional medicine[edit]

In the tribes of Nilgiris, the plant is used to treat a whitlow (finger abscess): the finger is inserted into a ripe fruit for a few minutes.[5] In Nepal, a decoction of root is taken twice a day for seven days to treat cough, asthma and chest pain.[6]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 10 January 2015.
  2. ^ "Solanum virginianum". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 17 November 2015.
  3. ^ René T. J. Cappers, Reinder Neef, Renée M. Bekker, Digital Atlas of Economic Plants: Acanthaceae - Hypoxidaceae, Vol. 2A, Barkhuis, 2009, p. 269
  4. ^ Michel H. Porcher, Know your eggplants - Part 4:The related Nightshades
  5. ^ a b Rémi Tournebize, Points on the ethno-ecological knowledge and practices among four Scheduled Tribes of the Nilgiris: Toda, Kota, Alu Kurumba and Irula, with emphasis on Toda ethnobotany, Institute of Research for Development (Marseille), Thesis 2013, p. 103
  6. ^ RB Mahato, RP Chaudhary, Ethnomedicinal study and antibacterial activities of selected plants of Palpa district, Nepal, Scientific World, Vol. 3, No. 3, July 2005, p. 29[4]

External links[edit]