The French ironclad
Solférino, of the Magenta class, the only two-decked broadside ironclad battleships ever built.
Battle of Solferino
24 June 1859
24 June 1861
Class and type:
85.98 m (282 ft 1 in)
17.27 m (56 ft 8 in)
8.43 m (27 ft 8 in)
knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)
3 months of food, 740 tonnes of coal
As built: 16 × 55-pounder
smoothbore guns 34 × 6.4 in (160 mm) Model 1860 BLM guns
2 × 9.4 in (240 mm) RML howitzers
From 1868: 14 × 240 mm (9.4 in) Model 1864/1866 BLM guns
Belt: 4.7 in (120 mm) wrought iron
was a broadside Solférino ironclad warship of the French Navy, the second unit of the Magenta class, designed by Henri Dupuy de Lôme and launched in 1861. She was named in honour of the Battle of Solferino.
These two ironclads were the only two-decked broadside ironclad battleships ever built. They were also the first ships in the world to be equipped with a
spur ram. They were somewhat of an enlarged version of the type armoured frigate, or the result of the same principle applied to a full-scale Gloire ship of the line.
Bibliography [ edit ]
de Balincourt, Captain; Vincent-Bréchignac, Captain (1974). "The French Navy of Yesterday: Ironclad Frigates, Part I". F.P.D.S. Newsletter (Akron, OH: F.P.D.S.) II (2): 18.
de Balincourt, Captain; Vincent-Bréchignac, Captain (1974). "The French Navy of Yesterday: Ironclad Frigates, Pt. II". F.P.D.S. Newsletter (Akron, OH: F.P.D.S.) II (3): 23–25.
Chesneau, Roger & Kolesnik, Eugene M., eds. (1979). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. Greenwich, UK: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-8317-0302-4.
Gille, Eric (1999). Cent ans de cuirassés français. Nantes: Marines. ISBN 2-909-675-50-5.
Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours, 1671 – 1870. Group Retozel-Maury Millau. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922.
Silverstone, Paul H. (1984). Directory of the World's Capital Ships. New York: Hippocrene Books. ISBN 0-88254-979-0.
External links [ edit ]
Plans of the
Solférino (large TIF files) from the Atlas du génie maritime of the Service historique de la Défense" ("Historical services of the ministry of Defence")