Sousel (Portuguese pronunciation: [sowˈzɛɫ]) is a municipality in the District of Portalegre in Portugal. The population in 2011 was 5,074, in an area of 279.32 km².
The municipality is famous for its olive trees and as a great hunting region.
The Calça e Pina family was the main developer of Sousel in the 18th century. The economy is mainly based on agriculture, but tourism plays a major role in the region's economy as well.
The present Mayor is Armando Mendonça Varela, elected by the Social Democratic Party. The municipal holiday is Easter Monday.
Administratively, the municipality is divided into 4 civil parishes (freguesias):
Distinctive Alentejano chimney.