Easter Monday

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Easter Monday
TypeChristian
DateDay after Easter Sunday
2020 date
  • April 13 (Western)
  • April 20 (Eastern)
2021 date
  • April 5 (Western)
  • May 3 (Eastern)
2022 date
  • April 18 (Western)
  • April 25 (Eastern)
2023 date
  • April 10 (Western)
  • April 17 (Eastern)
Easter Monday in Portugal

Easter Monday is the day after Easter Sunday and is a public holiday in some countries. It is the second day of Eastertide. In Western Christianity, it is also the second day of the Octave of Easter, and in Eastern Christianity, it is also the second day of Bright Week.

Easter Monday is celebrated in the Catholic church and also called the Monday of the Angel "because we recall the meeting of the angel with the women who arrived at Jesus’s tomb (see Mt 28:1-15). The angel said to them: “I know that you seek Jesus who was crucified. He is not here; for he has risen (vv. 5-6). This expression “He has risen” goes beyond human capacity. Even the women who had gone to the tomb and had found it open and empty could not confirm “He has risen”, but they could only say that the tomb was empty. “He has risen” is a message… Only an angel could say that Jesus had risen, only an angel with the authority to be the bearer of a heavenly message, with the power given by God to say it, just as an angel – only an angel – had been able to say to Mary: “you will conceive a son, [….] and he will be called the Son of the Most High” (Lk 1:31-32). Because of this we call it Monday of the Angel because only an angel with the power of God could say that Jesus had risen".(Regina Caeli, 2021)[1]

Religious observances[edit]

Eastern Christianity[edit]

Blessing with holy water during an Eastern Orthodox Bright Week procession.

In the Eastern Orthodox Church and Byzantine Rite Catholic Churches, this day is called "Bright Monday" or "Renewal Monday". The services, as in the rest of Bright Week, are quite different from during the rest of the year and are similar to the services on Pascha (Easter Sunday) and include an outdoor procession after the Divine Liturgy; while this is prescribed for all days of that week, often they are only celebrated on Monday and maybe a couple of other days in parish churches, especially in non-Orthodox countries. Also, when the calendar date of the feast day of a major saint, e.g., St. George or the patron saint of a church or one's name day, falls during Holy Week or on Easter Sunday, the saint's day is celebrated on Easter Monday.[2][3]

National observances[edit]

Australia[edit]

In Australia, Easter Monday is a public holiday.[4] Some people enjoy outdoor sporting events, such as the Oakbank Easter Racing Carnival in South Australia,[5] and the Stawell Gift in Victoria,[6] as well as a traditional AFL match between Geelong Cats and the Hawthorn Hawks at the MCG. The Australian Three Peaks Race in Tasmania until 2011.[7]

Austria[edit]

In Austria and Southern Germany, there is the traditional "Emmausgang", commemorating the walk of the disciples to Emmaus, to which Jesus followed them without being recognized.

Canada[edit]

Easter Monday (French: Le Lundi de Pâques) is the Monday immediately following Easter Sunday and is a statutory holiday for federal employees. Although not mandatory by federal regulation, some employers also give this day off to employees out of common practice. Additionally, this holiday succeeds Good Friday (the Friday preceding Easter), which is a mandatory holiday for all employees, giving those workers an extra long weekend in March or April. In provinces where Family Day, Islander Day, or Louis Riel Day are not observed, Easter Weekend is the first provincial holiday after New Year's Day.

Central Europe[edit]

Easter Monday in Poland
Easter eggs from the Czech Republic

Śmigus-dyngus (or lany poniedziałek, Polish for Wet Monday) is the name for Easter Monday in Poland and the diaspora. In the Czech Republic it is called velikonoční pondělí, in Slovakia veľkonočný pondelok and in Hungary Vízbevető. All these Catholic countries (and some others) practice the unique ancient custom on this day.[8] Traditionally, boys and men pour a bucket of water or perfume on girls and women and/or spank their buttocks and legs with long thin twigs (pussy willow) or switches made from willow, birch or decorated tree branches. A legend says that it keep women healthy, beautiful, and fertile during the whole next year.

Another related custom, unique to Poland, is that of sprinkling bowls (garce) of ashes on people or houses, celebrated a few weeks earlier at the "półpoście". This custom is almost forgotten, but still practiced in the area around the borders of Masuria and Masovia.

Egypt[edit]

In Egypt, the ancient festival of Sham Ennessim (Arabic: شم النسيم‎, literally meaning "smelling of the breeze") is celebrated on the Coptic (i.e. Eastern) Easter Monday, though the festival dates back to Pharonic times (about 2700 BC). It is an Egyptian national holiday. Traditional activities include painting eggs, taking meals outdoors, and eating feseekh (fermented mullet).

Germany[edit]

In Germany, people go out into the fields early in the morning and hold Easter egg races.[9] For Roman Catholics, Easter Monday is also a Holy Day of Obligation in Germany.[10]

Ireland[edit]

In the Republic of Ireland it is a day of remembrance for the men and women who died in the Easter Rising which began on Easter Monday 1916. Until 1966, there was a parade of veterans, past the headquarters of the Irish Republican Army at the General Post Office (GPO) on O'Connell Street, and a reading of the Proclamation of the Irish Republic.

Italy[edit]

In Italy, Easter Monday is an official public holiday and is called “Pasquetta”. It is customary to prepare a family picnic in the countryside or barbecues with friends.

New Zealand[edit]

In New Zealand it is a National Public Holiday.[11] Schools often extend the weekend to the Tuesday to give students a 5 day break.[12]

Spain[edit]

Traditional Easter mona

In Spain, the Easter Monday is an official public holiday in the autonomous communities of Catalonia, the Land of Valencia, Balearic Islands, Navarre, the Basque Autonomous Community, Cantabria, Castilla–La Mancha and La Rioja.[13] In Catalonia, the Land of Valencia and Murcia is typical a kind of cake called Easter mona.[14] It's usually given by godparents to their godchild and it is a tradition for families or groups of friends to gather together and to go somewhere, specially to the countryside, to eat the mona.[15]

The Netherlands[edit]

In The Netherlands Easter Monday is an official public holiday.[16] Apart from church services in some locations on the Dutch "bible belt", there are no widespread festivities or traditions for the "Second Easter Day" ("Tweede Paasdag").

United States[edit]

Two children enjoy treats during the annual Easter egg roll at the White House lawn on Easter Monday, 1911

In the United States, Easter Monday is not a federal holiday,[17] and is generally not observed on a nationwide level, apart from a few traditions such as the White House Easter egg roll.[18] On a local level, the day is informally observed in some areas such as the state of North Dakota, and some cities in New York, Michigan, and Indiana. Easter Monday was a public holiday in North Carolina from 1935 to 1987, due to the early-20th-century tradition of state government workers taking the day off to attend the annual baseball game between North Carolina State College and Wake Forest College.[19][20][failed verification] Texas and Maryland schools often have two holidays on Good Friday and Easter Monday. In some states and districts, public schools and universities are closed on Easter Monday, often part of spring break.

Dyngus Day[edit]

Traditionally Polish areas of the United States observe Easter Monday as Dyngus Day.[21][22] Dyngus Day celebrations are widespread and popular in Chicago; Cleveland;[23] Buffalo, New York; Wyandotte and Hamtramck in Michigan; South Bend and La Porte in Indiana; and Hanover, New Hampshire.

United Kingdom[edit]

Three of the four countries of the United Kingdom have Easter Monday as a bank holiday: England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. In Leicestershire, England, the people of Hallaton hold a bottle-kicking match and Hare Pie Scramble.[24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Regina Caeli, 5 April 2021 | Francis". www.vatican.va. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  2. ^ "Part IV". www.holytrinitymission.org. Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  3. ^ Тvпико́нъ сіесть уста́въ [The Typicon which is the Order], Moscow: Сvнодальная тvпографiя, 1907, p. 468 (Title here transliterated into Russian; actually in Church Slavonic)
  4. ^ "Public holidays | australia.gov.au" Check |url= value (help). public-holidays. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  5. ^ "Oakbank |". www.theracessa.com.au. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  6. ^ "Stawell Gift – Australia's richest footrace". www.stawellgift.com. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  7. ^ "Three Peaks Recess. 2015 Race Cancelled". Archived from the original on 1 March 2017. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
  8. ^ Asiedu, Dita (12 April 2004). "Easter Monday Radio Prague special". Český rozhlas 7. Radio Praha. Retrieved 9 May 2009.
  9. ^ "Easter Monday in Germany". www.timeanddate.com. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  10. ^ (in German) Partikularnorm Nr. 15 der Deutschen Bischofskonferenz Archived 25 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 8 April 2009.
  11. ^ "Public holidays and anniversary dates". New Zealand Government. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  12. ^ "Why is Easter Tuesday a school holiday?". Stuff. 3 April 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  13. ^ "El calendario laboral de 2020 para planificar próximos viajes". Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  14. ^ "Twenty things you didn't know about the Mona de Pasqua". Barcelona City Council. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  15. ^ "La mona de Pasqua". Festes.org (in Catalan).
  16. ^ "Easter Monday in the Netherlands". www.timeanddate.com. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  17. ^ "Federal Holidays". U.S. Office of Personnel Management. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  18. ^ "The White House Easter Egg Roll". whitehouse.gov. Retrieved 19 September 2019 – via National Archives.
  19. ^ Peeler, Tim (2 April 2013). The Easter Monday Baseball Game: North Carolina State and Wake Forest on the Diamond, 1899-1956. ISBN 978-0786474523.
  20. ^ [1]
  21. ^ "Dyngus Day USA". DyngusDay.com. Archived from the original on 9 April 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  22. ^ "What is Dyngus Day?". DyngusDay.com. Archived from the original on 29 April 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  23. ^ Heaton, Michael (22 April 2011). "Come Out Next Monday Out [sic] for Cleveland's First Annual Dingus Day". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  24. ^ "Easter Monday in the United Kingdom". www.timeanddate.com. Retrieved 30 May 2021.

External links[edit]