St. James parish church
|South Wraxall shown within Wiltshire|
|Population||438 (in 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Dorset and Wiltshire|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
The parish includes the village of Lower Wraxall, to the south of South Wraxall; one field separates the two villages. The hamlet of Bradford Leigh is in the southeast of the parish.
The name comes from old English wrocc, meaning a buzzard, although it was also used as a personal name. Its name was first mentioned in 1468 as Suthwroxhall, distinguishing it from North Wraxall which is 6 miles (9.7 km) away. Other spellings of the name included wroxhal (1227) and wrokeshal (1242). Nevertheless, South Wraxall was not mentioned in Domesday Book, as it was grouped in with Bradford on Avon.
Most of the buildings of South Wraxall are of the 17th and 18th centuries, built from locally quarried dressed stone, or stone rubble construction with stone slates. Besides quarrying, the main occupation around the area was agriculture, including shepherding; there were also weavers in the early 19th century, and some clothworkers by the mid-19th century.
There are no longer any shops in the village and the school, built as a National school in 1841, closed in 1972. The school building now serves as the Village Hall. The Longs Arms public house is in the centre of the village. South Wraxall Club is located in Lower South Wraxall.
- "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- Historic England. "Manor Farmhouse, South Wraxall (1021854)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- Historic England. "Church of St James, South Wraxall (1021864)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- "Church of England School, South Wraxall". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 2 May 2015.