Statistical regions of Serbia
|Statistical regions of Serbia
Статистички региони Србије
Statistički regioni Srbije
Statistical regions of Serbia
|Location||Republic of Serbia|
|Created by||Government of Serbia Law on Equal Territorial Development, Law of the Official Statistics|
4 regions (de facto, excluding Kosovo[a])
|Populations||1,563,916 (Southern and Eastern Serbia) – 2,031,697 (Šumadija and Western Serbia)|
|Areas||3,225 km2 (1,245 sq mi) (Belgrade) – 26,483 km2 (10,225 sq mi) (Šumadija and Western Serbia)|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The statistical regions of Serbia (Serbian: Statistički regioni Srbije / Статистички региони Србије) are regulated by the Law of the Regional Development and the Law of the Official Statistics. Serbia is divided into five statistical regions which are chiefly used for statistic purposes, such as census data. The regions encompass one or multiple districts each.
In 2009, National Assembly of Serbia adopted the Law on Equal Territorial Development that formed seven statistical regions in the territory of Serbia. The Law was amended on 7 April 2010, so that the number of regions was reduced to five. The previously formed region of Eastern Serbia was merged with Southern Serbia and the region of Šumadija was merged with Western Serbia.
The five statistical regions of Serbia are:
Statistical regional classification
In a bylaw from 2010, the Government of Serbia specified a nomenclature of statistic territorial units in the country. The act was an attempt to synchronize the existing statistical division of the country with the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics of the European Union. According to the act, an additional top level of grouping was introduced, with the territory of Serbia divided into two NUTS 1 regions:
- Serbia-North, comprising
- Belgrade, and
- Serbia-South, comprising
- Šumadija and Western Serbia
- Southern and Eastern Serbia
- Kosovo and Metohija
The five statistical regions would therefore become NUTS level 2 regions, while the Districts of Serbia would correspond with level 3. However, the classification has remained largely in internal, and limited, use within Serbia. As of 2013[update], it has not been sanctioned by the European Union. According to a 2011 whitepaper by ESPON, which discusses the possibility to include Albania, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo into NUTS nomenclature, "the statistical NUTS1 and NUTS2 regions created by the government in order to meet the NUTS criteria as well as the requirements of the EU regional policy, do not have actually a considerable administrative power; also, they are not self-governed entities. The political criterion prevailed for their creation."
Officially, NUTS regions (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/nuts/overview) only exist for EU Member States. For EFTA, EU candidate and potential candidate countries, the European Commission agrees with the countries concerned on a nomenclature referred to as "Statistical regions". The EU and Serbia have not agreed on such a nomenclature, because of issues arising from the status of Kosovo[a].
- Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 111 out of 193 United Nations member states.
- Sedam regiona za ravnomerniji razvoj (in Serbian), Politika, 5 June 2009
- ZAKON o izmenama i dopunama Zakona o regionalnom razvoju, National Assembly of Serbia
- Uvrede, optužbe, alkotest i regioni (in Serbian), B92, 7 April 2010, retrieved 14 October 2013
- . (in Serbian), emportal, 4 February 2010
- Government of Serbia (2010), Uredba o nomenklaturi statističkih teritorijalnih jedinica (PDF) (in Serbian), Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, p. 2
- Analysis of the availability and the quality of data on Western Balkans and Turkey (PDF), ESPON, March 2011, pp. 25–26