Sparisoma chrysopterum

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Sparisoma chrysopterum
Sparisoma chrysopterum - pone.0010676.g135.png
Male specimen, terminal colour phase
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Scaridae
Genus: Sparisoma
Species: S. tuiupiranga
Binomial name
Sparisoma tuiupiranga
(Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Synonyms

See text

Sparisoma chrysopterum, common names the redtail parrotfish, blue parrotfish, kwab, pink kwab, pink parrot, blisterside, and blue black-finned chub,[1] is a species of parrotfish.[2]

Description[edit]

The upper end of the pectoral fin base shows black saddle-shaped markings while they are young adults. Commonly, there is a light, saddle-shaped area on top of caudal peduncle. The dorsal, pelvic, and anal fins are orange or red in colour.[3]

Juvenile specimens or those in the initial phase have a mottled pattern similar to the substratum. This provides camouflage when they rest on the sea floor.[3]

Distribution[edit]

This species lives in the western Atlantic Ocean from Brazil in the south, north to Florida and the Bahamas. It also occurs throughout the Caribbean Sea.[3]

Diet[edit]

Sparisoma chrysopterum This species grazes on seagrasses and algae growing in the benthic zone.[3]

Parasites[edit]

This species is known to host an ectoparasite in the Caligus genus named Caligus atromaculatus (C.B. Wilson, 1913).[2]

Synonyms[edit]

  • Scarus brachialis Poey, 1861
  • Scarus chloris Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  • Scarus chrysopterus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  • Scarus flavescens Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  • Scarus lateralis Poey, 1860
  • Scarus maschalespilos Bleeker, 1862
  • Scarus squalidus Poey, 1860
  • Scarus virens Valenciennes, 1840
  • Sparisoma abildgaardi (Bloch, 1791)
  • Sparisoma brachiale (Poey, 1861)
  • Sparisoma chrysopterus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
  • Sparisoma elongatum Meek & Hildebrand, 1928
  • Sparisoma flavescens (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
  • Sparisoma lorito Jordan & Swain, 1884
  • Sparisoma squalidum (Poey, 1860)
  • Sparus abildgaardi Bloch, 1791

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Sparisoma chrysopterum (Blisterside, Blue Black-finned Chub, Blue Parrotfish, Kwab, Pink Kwab, Pink Parrot, Redtail Parrotfish)". Iucnredlist.org. 2009-09-15. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  2. ^ a b "WoRMS - World Register of Marine Species - Sparisoma chrysopterum (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)". Marinespecies.org. 2008-01-15. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  3. ^ a b c d https://web.archive.org/web/20130909022055/http://fishbase.org/summary/1159. Archived from the original on September 9, 2013. Retrieved October 3, 2013.  Missing or empty |title= (help)