Grup Gerak Khas

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21st Special Service Group
21 Gerup Gerak Khas
Grup Gerak Khas (GGK) Insignia.svg
GGK Insignia
Active January 1960s – First nucleus
7 May 1965 – Malaysian Special Service Unit (MSSU)
1 August 1970 – Rejimen Pertama Gerak Khas Malaysia (1 RGKM; 1st Malaysian Special Service Regiment)
1981 – Grup Gerak Khas
Country  Malaysia
Branch  Malaysian Army
Type Special Forces, Commando
Role Special Operations
Counter-terrorism
Unconventional warfare
Jungle warfare
Amphibious warfare
Special Reconnaissance
Sabotage and demolition
Search and Rescue
Size Three regiments
Part of Malaysian Armed Forces
NSOF Patch.png Malaysian Special Operations Force
Crest of the Malaysian Armed Forces.svg Malaysian Joint Forces Command
Garrison/HQ RHQ: Mersing, Johor
11 RGK: Sungai Udang, Malacca
21 Cdo: Sungai Udang, Malacca
22 Cdo: Mersing, Johor
Nickname(s) Gerak Khas, Komando (Commando), Beret Hijau (Green Beret)
Motto(s) Cepat dan Cergas
(English: Fast and Agile)
Colour of Beret   Sherwood Green Beret
Anniversaries 1 August 1965
Engagements Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation
Communist insurgency in Malaysia (1968–89)
Spratly Islands
Kosovo War
SFOR, Balkan
UNPROFOR, Balkan
Operation Restore Hope
Operation 304, Sauk
Operation Astute
Genting Sempah Incident
MALCON – UNIFIL 2007, Lebanon
Operation Enduring Freedom
MALCON-ISAF, Afghanistan
Operation Daulat
Commanders
Current
commander
Major General Datuk Zolkopli Hashim
Colonel of
the Regiment
HRH Sultan of Johor, Sultan Ibrahim Ismail
Insignia
Beret Badge Tiger with Commando Bayonet
Abbreviation GGK

The 21 Gerup Gerak Khas (English: 21st Special Service Group, Jawi: ٢١ ڬروڤ ڬرق خاص) - commonly known as GGK - is a special forces regiment of the Malaysian Army which conducts special operations missions for the Malaysian government, such as direct action, unconventional warfare, sabotage, counter-terrorism, and intelligence gathering. It is the administrative and operational group to which the three regiments of the Gerak Khas and its supporting units are subordinated.

While the GGK traces its origins to 1965 and the post Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation, they gained fame and recognition worldwide after successfully pacifying a communist insurgency in the jungles of Malaysia during the Communist insurgency between 1968 and 1989.

21 Gerup Gerak Khas is commanded by a Major General and is currently located at Iskandar Camp, in Mersing, Johor comprising 11 Gerak Khas Regiment tasked to counter-terrorism, 21 Commando Regiment and 22 Commando Regiment. The three regiments' tasks are guerrilla/anti-guerrilla warfare, escape and evasion, subversion, sabotage, counter terrorism, asymmetric warfare and their most highly regarded expertise – jungle warfare.[1]

History[edit]

The 11 RGK on standby during the National Day Parade of 2013.

The Special Forces Directorate was established in the Ministry of Defence, late Tun Abdul Razak Hussein on 1960s to co-ordinate the operations of the special forces regiments during the Indonesian Confrontation. In 1965, the Ministry of Defence called for volunteers from the Army and Navy for Commando training. On 25 February 1965, introductory training was conducted at Majidee Camp, Johor Bahru by the British 40 Commando of the Royal Marines. The selection was harsh, and from the initial 300 personnel who volunteered, only 15 were selected to undergo the six weeks Basic Commando Course. Of these, only four officers and nine other ranks passed. Here is the list of men who were part of the nucleus team which later formed the GGK:

  1. Major Abu Hassan Bin Abdullah (Colonel retired)
  2. Lieutenant Mohd Ramli Bin Ismail (Major General retired)
  3. Second Lieutenant Ghazali Bin Ibrahim (Major General retired)
  4. Second Lieutenant Hussin Bin Awang Senik (Colonel retired)
  5. 4861 Staff Sergeant Zakaria Bin Adas
  6. 6842 Sergeant Ariffin Bin Mohamad
  7. 300152 Sergeant Anuar Bin Talib
  8. 201128 Sergeant Yahya Bin Darus
  9. 202072 Corporal Silva Dorai
  10. 203712 Corporal Moo Kee Fah
  11. 13852 Lance Corporal Johari Bin Haji Morhd Siraj
  12. 10622 Lance Corporal Sabri Bin Ahmad

This unit is partly based on by the 40 Commando, Royal Marines and was then called Malaysian Special Service Unit. Such was the beginning of the Malaysian Gerup Gerak Khas (Special Service Group). With assistance from instructors from 40 Commando RM, the Special Service Group expanded and in 1965 alone conducted six Basic Commando courses. On 1 August 1970 the 1st Special Service Regiment was formed at Sungai Udang Camp in Malacca. In January 1981, Markas Gerup Gerak Khas was established in Imphal Camp, Kuala Lumpur to act as the Brigade Headquarters for the three special forces regiments. The headquarters group would also include combat support units and service support units.

Gerup Gerak Khas was renamed 21 Gerup Gerak Khas which formalises the formation as the 21st brigade group in the Malaysian Army.

Bases[edit]

Sungai Udang Camp was the acknowledged Home of the Commandos and its spiritual home. Members of the regiment trained with foreign special forces units from the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Indonesia, Australia and the United States of America, further enriching the knowledge base. Under the 3rd Malaysian Plan and the expansion of the Armed Forces, the PULPAK – Pusat Latihan Peperangan Khas (Special Warfare Training Centre) was established. In 1983, 22nd Commando Regiment moved to Kuala Kubu Baru due to congestion at Sungai Udang Military Camp.

21 Gerup Gerak Khas and its regiments and support units have moved to Iskandar Camp, the new Special Operations Force base in Mersing. Situated 15 km south of Mersing, Iskandar Camp covers an area of 2,000 acres (8.1 km2). Facilities include 200 buildings, 20 km of roads, 3 bridges, a harbour, helicopter landing pads, parade squares and other facilities. The project cost was RM422 million. The new base was named Kem Iskandar, after the late Sultan of Johor, a staunch supporter of Rejimen Gerak Khas and its former Colonel-in-chief.

Organisations[edit]

The Malaysian Special Forces is subordinated to the Armed Forces HQ and Army HQ. The three regiments of Gerak Khas are grouped under 21 Gerup Gerak Khas. This brigade sized unit also includes supporting units such as Signals and Engineer units. 11 Rejimen Gerak Khas (11 RGK) is currently also tasked with the Counter Revolutionary Warfare (CRW) function.

Gerup Gerak Khas faces problems retaining members nearing the end of their enlistment, and finding new recruits to replace existing commandos once they reached the mandatory age limit. Concerned with high numbers of Gerak Khas personnel leaving the service, the Malaysian Government increased, as of 1 January 2005, the monthly incentive payments to RM 600 for those who have served between 1 and 10 years, RM 750 for those who had served between 11 and 15 years and RM 900 for those whose service have exceeded 16 years.[2]

Units[edit]

21 GGK branches, responsibility and roles
Branch Insignia Responsible Roles
11th Gerak Khas Regiment (11 RGK) Crest of 11th Gerak Khas.png Counter-terrorist force It is also called the Counter-Terrorism Regiment as it specialises in dealing with a broad range of operations (especially counter-terrorism operations), hostage rescue, Counter-Revolutionary Warfare etc. Trained by the British 22nd SAS and US Army Green Berets, this regiment is smaller compared to 21st and 22nd Commando, and is organised into 4 Sabre Squadrons. Only those who have served no less than 6 years in the Commando Regiments are eligible for selection.
21st Commando (21 Cdo) Crest of the 21st Commando of Gerakhas.png Counter-insurgency It is specialises in an unconventional warfare in any of its forms – guerrilla / counter-guerrilla warfare, special reconnaissance, direct action, combat intelligence and their most highly regarded expertise – Jungle Warfare.
22nd Commando (22 Cdo) Crest of 22nd Gerak Khas.png

Special Forces Directorate[edit]

The Special Forces Directorate is a small group of around 20 personnel, tasked with planning and co-ordination of resources and equipment of 21 Gerup Gerak Khas. The directorate also provides assistance during operational deployment of 21 Gerup Gerak Khas units and formulate policy guidelines. The Cell also undertakes Planning and Intelligence tasks as well as Operational Research Section.[3]

Recruitment, selection and training[edit]

The 11 RGK with HK MP5A3 in the Rapid Intervention Vehicle during the National Day Parade of 2014.
Two members of 11 RGK using jet ski during a demo at Banding Lake, Perak. One of them is armed with a Colt M4A1 assault rifle.
The Gerup Gerak Khas (4th from the left) with 10 Paratrooper, PASKAL and US forces during CARAT Malaysian 2009 in Terengganu.

Special Warfare Training Centre[edit]

Pusat Latihan Peperangan Khusus (PULPAK) (Special Warfare Training Centre) was formed on 1 August 1976. Before its inception, all GGK personnel training was conducted by 1st RGK (now 21 GGK). However, 21 Cdo, 22 Cdo and 11 RGK are still supporting PULPAK by providing manpower and expertise. The role of PULPAK is to provide specialised courses and training for all army personnel in accordance with current situation:

  1. To conduct basic commando training for the Malaysian Army and other services (Navy, Air Force).
  2. To train personnel of Special Operations Forces as well as other soldiers in specialised training and special operations as required by higher authority.
  3. To conduct advanced training for Special Operations Forces and army personnel as directed by higher authority.
  4. To conduct training evaluation test on Special Operations Forces Units.
  5. To provide observers and qualified instructors for specialised assignments in Special Operations Forces Units.
  6. To revise and analyse all doctrines pertaining to specialised training and operations.

Selection and Training[edit]

Troopers of 11 RGK sea troops during a Counter-Terrorism demo.

Malaysia Army recruits the Kursus Asas Komando (Basic Commando Course) three times a year; series AK1, AK2 and AK3. The course lasts for 12 weeks,[4] divided into five phases. To enter the course, a soldier must be first served at other unit within the Malaysia Army at least a year with good record.

Before entering the course, each future trainee is compulsory to attend a 30 day orientation. The hard condition of the orientation will determine whether the student eligible to participate the Basic Commando Course or not.

Troopers of 11 RGK using an Australian rappelling during the Counter-Terrorism demo.
11 RGK motorcyclists.

The five phases of Basic Commando Course are:

Phase 1 - Camp Phase (5 weeks)
Organized in five weeks, this phase is actually the most important level to test and develop individual physical & mental resistance. Physical endurance, weapon handling, explosives handling, tactics & stratagem implementation (muslihat), field medical, rappelling / abseiling and map reading skills are among the exercises conducted. The trainees are also required to undergo several series of long range march with full combat load. Range is increased from 4.8 km, 8km, 11.2 km, 14 km to 16 km respectively. Usually, some of the trainees fail to arrive at the designated checkpoint within the stipulated time and they will be sent back to their original unit or other services ("turun skot" – according to the Army's lingo).
Phase 2 - Jungle Phase (2 weeks)
This two-week jungle training is a favourite among the trainees. This is where the trainees will be exposed to practical training, field skills & know-how such as guarding & patrolling, establishing base, survival and section/troop combat.
Phase 3 - Swamp Phase and Long Range March (1 week)
In this phase, all trainees undergo a tough combat march along with their 17 kg pack and reach the target 160km in three days. Those who succeed will continue to live in the swampy area for seven days without food supply or proper clothing (they wear only underwear). They will practise all survival lessons here.
Phase 4 - Sea Phase (2 weeks)
The sea training is conducted in two weeks, where the trainees are exposed to practical exercises such as small craft navigation, long range/silent rowing and coastal attack using Rigid-hulled inflatable boats (RIB), scuba diving and kayaks. After completing the 'curriculum', they will travel 160 km along the Straits of Malacca using kayaks.
Phase 5 - Final Phase - Escape and Evasion (E&E) (2 weeks)
Now it is time for trainees to apply what they have learned and endured in the previous stage. All trainees are deployed in groups and they must infiltrate 100 km into the operation area by rowing RIB. At there, trainees need to find and identify the location of the enemy, organize and launched an attack in the area. Once achieve the objective, they need to escape and report to several agents at designated checkpoints. They must know how to contact their agents and evade the "enemy" who controls that area. If they are caught, they will be tortured and abused. The trainees will then be released and continue their journey until they arrive at the last checkpoint. The total length the trainees cover during their escape are almost 240 km and they must cover the length within 5 days.
Graduation
Trainee whom pass will be given a week rest after final phase and before green beret award ceremony. At the ceremony, the graduates will perform a beach assault demonstration in front of VIPs and graduates's family and friends before they will be awarded green beret, blue lanyard and a Fairbairn & Sykes Commando Dagger.[5]

All members of GGK train with the SAS (United Kingdom / New Zealand / Australia) as well as the US Army's 1st Special Forces Group (1st Bn, Okinawa, Japan) and United States Marine Corps Force Reconnaissance units. 1st Bn/1st SFG usually drops by a few times a year. The GGK and the Indonesian's Kopassus enjoy a close relationship.

Expansions[edit]

The boat squadrons of GGK during a drill.
The trooper of 11 RGK with full equipment gear, armed with Colt M4A1 Carbine. All gears, weaponry and BDU of this trooper is heavily influenced by British 22nd SAS and US Marine Corps Force Recon.

The 2nd Special Service Regiment was established on 1 January 1977, based at Sungai Udang Camp, Malacca. In 1979, Colonel Borhan Bin Ahmad was appointed the Commandant of Special Warfare Training Centre. A separate Special Forces Directorate was established in the Ministry of Defence on 4 April 1980 and the Markas Gerup Gerak Khas (Special Forces Group HQ) was established in Imphal Camp, Kuala Lumpur. As such, supporting units were attached to Gerup Gerak Khas.

The commando units were then redesignated and 1st Special Service Regiment became 21st Regiment Para Commando and 2 Special Service Regiment became 22nd Regiment Para Commando. On 1 April 1981, the 11th and 12th Special Service Regiments were formed to provide support to 21st Commando and 22nd Commando. However 12th Special Service Regiment was disbanded soon after during the realignment of the Malaysian Army in the 1980s and its members were deployed to other combat units. Further to this development, the designation for the Para Commando Regiment was changed to the Commando Regiment. In 1983, 22nd Commando Regiment moved to Kuala Kubu Baru due to insufficient facilities in Sungai Udang Camp. All three as well as the Royal Malaysian Navy PASKAL will be soon moving out to the new SOF base in Mersing, facing the South China Sea unlike the Sungai Udang which is facing the very busy waterway of the Straits of Malacca. Sungai Udang Camp is very small and lacking in many facilities for a good SOF base and training centre. It is also near to a massive oil refinery and countless condominium projects which makes it unsuitable for security and practical reasons. The 3 regiments again had a name change, becoming known as 11th CRW Regiment, 21st Commando Regiment and 22nd Commando Regiment.

Sungai Udang Camp was certified as the ‘Home of the Commandos’. Its achievements attracted many volunteers from other corps. Lieutenant Colonel Borhan bin Ahmad was the first administrator of MSSG responsible for expanding the Special Operations Forces. Various activities including sports and other Army activities were organised to get the SOF involved. Joint programs are conducted with other countries such as Britain, New Zealand, Australia and the United States of America to improve knowledge and to get new experience in certain aspects of SOF operations.

In the Third Malaysia Plan and the expansion of the Armed Forces, Special Warfare Training Centre (SWTC) was established on 1 August 1976. The function is to fulfill the training requirements for the Special Forces Team. After the establishment of SWTC, the Second Regiment of Special Service was established on 1 January 1977. All the three units were based in Sungai Udang, Malacca. In 1979, SWTC was fully established with Colonel Borhan bin Ahmad as the Commandant.

The Special Forces Directorate was established in the Ministry of Defence on 4 April 1980. Further to this, in January 1981, Gerup Gerak Khas Command Headquarters was established in Imphal Camp, Kuala Lumpur. The establishment of the Special Operations Forces group also involved other elements such as the combat support units and service support units. At the same time the names of the commando units were re-designated to 21st Regiment Para Commando and 22nd Regiment Para Commando.

Honours[edit]

Many members of the Regiment has been decorated for bravery and gallantry.[6] Notable awards received by members of the Regiment include

  • Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa (SP)
    • 19151 Lance Corporal Rusli Bin Buang
  • Panglima Gagah Berani (PGB)
    • Major Ahmad Bin Rashid (410336)
    • Major Baharin Bin Abd Jalil (410560)
    • 14812 Warrant Officer II Maamor Bin Said
    • 23852 Sergeant Ali Bin Ahmad
    • 16075 Corporal Zaki Bin Nordin
    • 901370 Trooper Sigal s/o Nawan
    • 928133 Sergeant Moid Bin Mohamad

Regimental motto and crest[edit]

The Regimental motto is 'Cepat Dan Cergas' (Swift and Agile).

The Regiment Crest, fondly called 'Harimau Berjuang' or fighting tiger, comprises a roaring tiger and the commando dagger. Green signifies the Regiment's status as a Commando regiment. Blue symbolises the close relationship between Gerak Khas with 40 Commando, Royal Marines. The Tiger denotes bravery, signifying ferocity and might. The Commando knife defines the commando status of the Regiment – only commandos use the commando knife.

Uniform[edit]

The Gerak Khas wears the same BDU uniforms as other combat elements of the Malaysian Army, but are distinguished by their Green beret with GERAKHAS insignia, blue lanyard rope on their right shoulder (originated from 40 Commando, Royal Marines), commando dagger engraved with GERAKHAS, highly folded sleeves, and their GERAKHAS shoulder tab. Parachute wings are worn over the left pocket, but only by those who specialise in air training.

Green Beret[edit]

Members of Gerak Khas wear the Green Beret, a common symbol among the commando and special forces community. The 'Harimau Berjuang' cap badge is worn with the green beret.

Blue Lanyard[edit]

Members of Gerak Khas also wear the blue lanyard, an honour accorded to them by 40 Commando, Royal Marines. 40 Commando RM was instrumental in training the original members of 1st Special Service Regiment, the forerunner of 21 Komando. Personnel of both 40 Commando RM and Gerak Khas wear the traditional blue lanyards.

Shoulder Flash[edit]

Troopers from 21 GGK wearing 'GERAKHAS' Tab on their No.3 uniform (Service Uniform) during HRH Sultan of Johor, Sultan Ibrahim Ismail coronation rehearsal.

Members of the regiment also wear a 'GERAKHAS' shoulder tab.

Blue
The blue colour symbolises close relationship between the Malaysian Special Service Group with 40 Commando, Royal Marine (British). The formation of Malaysian Special Service Group (MSSG) was initiated by 40 Commando RM which was also responsible for the training and imparting of specialised skills to these selected personnel. Personnel of 40 Commando RM and Gerak Khas Units wear the traditional blue lanyards.
Green
All qualified personnel of Special Forces are awarded the green berets. Green beret is also a commonly worn headgear of the other Special Forces in the world. The green colour also symbolises Islam – the official religion of Malaysia.
Tiger
Tiger denotes bravery. The mean and unwaning features of the tiger portrays ferocity and might. These characteristics are to be possessed and portrayed by personnel of the Special Forces.
Dagger
The dagger symbolises the essence of decisiveness, steadfastness and inherent ability of rationalisation possessed by the personnel of the Special Forces. The unsheathed dagger portray the status of combat readiness of the Special Forces Units which are ever ready for all eventualities at all times. Its vertical alignment denotes the spirit and aspiration of the Special Forces personnel.
Cepat dan Cergas
The slogan ‘Cepat Dan Cergas’ (Fast & Agile) is chosen in accordance with the role and tasks of the special forces. Its personnel must be efficient, nimble and brave

Ranks[edit]

Gerak Khas use different name for certain ranks in 21 GGK. For example, 21 GGK using Truper (Trooper) which equivalent to Malaysian Army Prebet (Private) and Kaler Sarjan (Colour Sergeant) instead of Staf Sarjan (Staff Sergeant).

21 GGK using distinctive green colour bar chevron on theirs No. 5 Uniform (BDU) for Lain-lain Pangkat (LLP) (other ranks) instead of black bar chevron.

Deployments/Missions[edit]

Communist Terrorist Insurgency 1966–1990[edit]

During the communist insurgency, Regiment Gerak Khas members fought in the Malaysian Jungle.

Spratly Islands[edit]

While deployment of Rejimen Gerak Khas units are secretive, it has been understood that Army and Navy Special Forces have been deployed to back Malaysia's claim to several islets in the Spratly Islands.

Battle of Mogadishu (1993)[edit]

Gerup Gerak Khas was involved in the high-profile operations including deployment with the Royal Malay Regiment and units of the Pakistani army to rescued trapped US Rangers and Delta Force in the gunfight at Bakhara Market, Mogadishu, Somalia against the forces of the warlord Mohamed Farah Aidid. One GGK personnel was killed, and several others wounded.

16th Commonwealth Games[edit]

Gerup Gerak Khas was deployed with Pasukan Gerakan Khas (Police Counter-terrorist Unit) to provide security and was on standby for Hostage Rescue during the 16th Commonwealth Games held in Kuala Lumpur in 1998.

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

Gerup Gerak Khas members were deployed to Bosnia, the one and only commando unit from South East Asia to have served in Bosnia.

Timor Leste 2006[edit]

The units were deployed with other troopers from 10 Paratrooper Brigade and Royal Malaysian Police elite team, Pasukan Gerakan Khas to calm troubles in Timor Leste, in an Australian-led mission called Operation Astute.[7]

Genting Sempah Incident[edit]

In July 2007, 22nd Gerak Khas co-operated with elite 10 Paratrooper Brigade, PASKAU and Pasukan Gerakan Khas and supported by the US Navy, police General Operations Force, Fire and Rescue Department, Forestry Department rangers, Civil Defence Department (JPA3) and villagers were deployed to search and rescue six missing air force crew who were involved in the Sikorsky S61 Nuri helicopter crash near Genting Sempah, in Genting Highlands. However, the SAR team found the wreckage of the helicopter, with its rotor blades detached at 5 km northwest of location at 17 July 1324 hrs. All six RMAF crew on board were killed and their bodies were found in the cabin.[8]

MALCON – UNIFIL 2007[edit]

Gerup Gerak Khas units were deployed with 10 Paratrooper Brigade, PASKAL and PASKAU involved MALCON – UNIFIL to serve in Lebanon.[9]

MALCON – ISAF[edit]

The special forces included Gerup Gerak Khas, PASKAU, 10 Paratrooper Brigade and PASKAL was deployed with other Malaysian contingents to involve the administrative workload at the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan. The team was deployed to assist the New Zealand Armed Forces in the peacekeeping missions and humanitarian aid at the Bamiyan District, Afghanistan.[10]

2013 Lahad Datu standoff[edit]

Gerup Gerak Khas is mobilised to Lahad Datu, Sabah for 2013 Lahad Datu standoff alongside various other special forces unit. The team played the major role in hunting down the Sulu terrorist group.

Notable Commander[edit]

Special Service Group
Name Year
Brigadier General Dato’ Harun bin Taib 1 January 1981 – 1 January 1984
Brigadier General Dato’ Borhan bin Ahmad 1 January 1984 – 19 December 1985
Brigadier General Datuk Hasbullah bin Yusof 19 December 1985 – 1 July 1989
Brigadier General Dato’ Mohd Ramli bin Ismail 1 July 1989 – 3 March 1993
Brigadier General Dato’ Paduka Ghazali bin Ibrahim 3 March 1993 – 3 November 1995
Brigadier General Dato' Daud bin Ariffin 3 November 1995
Director of Gerak Khas
Name Year
Lieutenant Colonel Shamsudin bin Abbas 1 September 1980 – 1 March 1981
Lieutenant Colonel Zainuddin bin Taib 1 March 1981 – 1 June 1982
Lieutenant Colonel Shamsudin bin Abbas 1 June 1982 – 6 August 1984
Lieutenant Colonel Zaini bin Said 6 August 1984 – 1 January 1986
Lieutenant Colonel Zainuddin bin Taib 1 January 1986 – 26 July 1986
Lieutenant Colonel Daud bin Ariffin 26 July 1986 – 1 June 1990
Lieutenant Colonel Ahmad Rodi bin Zakaria 1 June 1990 – 1 August 1991
Lieutenant Colonel Mohd Muzzamil bin Hj. Abd Rahman 1 August 1991 – 18 December 1992
Lieutenant Colonel Muhamad Yassin bin Yahya 18 December 1992 – 14 February 1994
Lieutenant Colonel Che Hashim bin Ishak 14 February 1994 – 1 December 1994
Lieutenant Colonel Muhamad Yassin bin Yahya 1 December 1994 – 1 February 1996
Lieutenant Colonel Mohd Muzzamil bin. Hj. Abd Rahman 1 February 1996.
Commanding Officers of 11th Gerak Khas Regiment
Name Year
Lieutenant Colonel Ahmad Rodi bin Zakaria 1 January 1982 – 1 January 1983
Lieutenant Colonel Yap Poh Meng 1 January 1983 – 1 January 1984
Lieutenant Colonel Chua Hong Kang 1 January 1984 – 1 January 1988
Lieutenant Colonel Ahmad Rodi bin Zakaria 1 January 1988 – 1 May 1990
Lieutenant Colonel Mohd Shahrin bin Hj. Abd Majid 1 May 1990 – 14 January 1992
Lieutenant Colonel Che Hashim bin Ishak 14 January 1992 – 14 February 1994
Lieutenant Colonel Mohd Nizam bin Abdullah 14 February 1994 – 1 February 1996
Lieutenant Colonel Abdul Samad bin Hj. Yaacob 1 February 1996
Commanding Officers of 21st Commando Regiment
Name Year
Lieutenant Colonel Borhan bin Ahmad 26 December 1970 – 1 January 1975
Lieutenant Colonel Mohd Ramli bin Ismail 1 January 1975 – 1 January 1976
Lieutenant Colonel Hasbullah bin Yusof 1 January 1976 – 15 April 1978
Lieutenant Colonel Hussin bin Awang Senik 15 April 1978 – 1 January 1980
Lieutenant Colonel Zainuddin bin Taib 1 January 1980 – 1 March 1981
Lieutenant Colonel Shamsuddin bin Abbas 1 March 1981 – 1 July 1982
Lieutenant Colonel Omar bin Dato’ Ismail 1 July 1982 – 1 September 1986
Lieutenant Colonel Duraisamy al Vellaisamy 1 September 1986 – 9 July 1990
Lieutenant Colonel Mohd Muzzamil bin Hj Abd Rahman 9 July 1990 – 4 April 1991
Lieutenant Colonel Muhamad Yassin bin Yahya 4 April 1991 – 1 August 1993
Lieutenant Colonel Dul Ngajis bin Amat Supeni 1 August 1993 – 15 October 1996
Lieutenant Colonel Harun bin Hitam 15 October 1996 – 1 February 1997
Lieutenant Colonel Ilias bin Moideen 1 February 1997.
Commanding Officers of 22nd Commando Regiment
Name Year
Lieutenant Colonel Ghazali bin Ibrahim 1 July 1977 – 1 September 1980
Lieutenant Colonel Zaini bin Said 1 September 1980 – 1 January 1982
Lieutenant Colonel Daud bin Ariffin 1 January 1982 – 1 January 1985
Lieutenant Colonel Ahmad bin Abd Rashid 1 January 1985 – 1 March 1986
Lieutenant Colonel Linus Lunsong AK Janti 1 March 1986 – 2 April 1987
Lieutenant Colonel Mohd Muzzamil bin Hj Abd Rahman 2 April 1987 – 16 June 1990
Lieutenant Colonel Abbas bin Hj. Mat 16 June 1990 – 1 August 1993
Lieutenant Colonel Anuwa bin Hj. Mohd Daud 1 August 1993 – 1 August 1995
Lieutenant Colonel Omar Al Haded bin Nik Mohd Salleh 1 August 1995.

In popular culture[edit]

Books, televisions and movie.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Daim, Dahlan Mohamed (2015-07-13). "An Inside Look at the Malaysian Special Forces". ExpatGo. Retrieved 2017-04-10. 
  2. ^ The 2005 Budget Speech report from the Malaysian Prime Minister's Office.
  3. ^ Malaysian Special Forces Overview.
  4. ^ "30 Penuntut Tamat Kursus Asas Komando". Berita Tentera Darat Malaysia. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  5. ^ "PENUTUP KURSUS ASAS KOMANDO - Berita Tentera Darat Malaysia". Berita Tentera Darat Malaysia. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  6. ^ Unofficial GGK Awards Page.
  7. ^ Operasi Astute
  8. ^ Roslina Mohamad (16 July 2007). "Villagers help in ground search". The Star. Retrieved 14 August 2009. 
  9. ^ "Malaysia wants longer peacekeeping tenure". The Star. 18 August 2007. Retrieved 14 August 2009. 
  10. ^ Hardi Effendi Yaacob (November 2010). "High risk of humanitarian aid". Berita Harian online. Retrieved 30 December 2010. 
  11. ^ "Beret Hijau singkap kehidupan tentera". Utusan Online. Retrieved 2017-04-08. 
  12. ^ "Bravo Lima paparan kisah benar". HM Online (in Malay). 2015-09-04. Retrieved 2017-04-08. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]