Special sciences are those sciences other than fundamental physics, that are presumed to be reducible to fundamental physics, at least in principle. In this view, chemistry, biology, and neuroscience—indeed, all sciences except fundamental physics—are special sciences. The status of the special sciences, and their relation to physics, is unresolved in the philosophy of science. Jerry Fodor, for instance, has argued for strong autonomy, concluding that the special sciences are not even in principle reducible to physics.
- Multiple realizability
- Reduction (philosophy)
- The central science
- Unity of science
- Fodor, J. (1974): "Special sciences and the disunity of science as a working hypothesis", Synthese, 28, pp. 97-115.