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Spectatoring is a process suggested by Masters and Johnson (1970) that involves a person focusing on him/herself "from a third person perspective during sexual activity, rather than focusing on one's sensations and/or sexual partner, can increase performance fears and cause deleterious effects on sexual performance."[1]


  1. ^ Paul D. Trapnell; Cindy M. Meston & Boris B. Gorzalka (Summer 1997). "Spectatoring and the relationship between body image and sexual experience: self-focus or self-valence?". Journal of Sex Research. doi:10.1080/00224499709551893.

Further reading[edit]

  • Barbara Keesling (2006). "Spectatoring". Sexual Healing. Hunter House. pp. 34–35. ISBN 9780897934657.