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Spend analysis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Spend analysis or spend analytics is the process of collecting, cleansing, classifying and analyzing expenditure data with the purpose of decreasing procurement costs, improving efficiency, and monitoring controls and compliance. It can also be leveraged in other areas of business such as inventory management, contract management, complex sourcing, supplier management, budgeting, planning, and product development.


Spend analysis is often viewed as part of a larger domain known as spend management which incorporates spend analysis, commodity management, industry spend benchmarking, and strategic sourcing. Companies perform a spend analysis for several reasons. The core business driver for most organizations is profitability. In addition to improving compliance and reducing cycle times, performing detailed spend analysis helps companies find new areas of savings that previously went untapped, and hold on to past areas of savings that they have already negotiated.

There are three core areas of spend analysis - visibility, analysis, and process. By leveraging all three, companies can generate answers to the crucial questions affecting their spending, including:

  • What am I really spending?
  • With whom am I spending it?
  • Am I getting what was promised for that spend?

Spend visibility helps chief procurement officers (CPOs), category managers (retail and wholesale) and senior financial officers to gain insight into what their company buys and from whom, and it helps them realize savings promised by past sourcing efforts. It plays an important role in enabling procurement teams to plan and prioritise their work and is a useful tool for a new-in-post procurement leader aiming to make a positive impact on an organisations costs.[1]

Spend cube analysis[edit]

Spend Cube

A spend cube is a review of spend data presented as a three-dimensional cube. The contents in the cube are the price and volume of items purchased. Dimensions of the cube usually reviewed include:[2][better source needed]

  1. Comparative spend with different suppliers or vendors.
  2. Stakeholders or cost centers buying the category.
  3. Categories of a commodity purchased by the organization.


  • Saves on costs: Spend analysis helps an organization to identify areas where spending can be consolidated, reduced, or completely eliminated. Once the management has analyzed their spending patterns and identified cost-saving opportunities, they can negotiate better pricing with the suppliers and implement more efficient procurement processes.
  • Improves supplier relationships: Spend analysis helps organizations evaluate the performance of their suppliers. By understanding the strengths and weaknesses of their suppliers, the organization can work with them to improve their performance thereby building stronger relationships.[3]
  • Increases efficiency: During the spend analysis process, an organization can identify areas where procurement processes can be streamlined and made more efficient.


Automated spend analysis software can be a valuable tool for chief procurement officers (CPOs) at large, global, diversified enterprises, and a useful tool for many others.[4]


  1. ^ BravoSolution, Quick Wins for the New Procurement Leader via Clinton, N., Quick Wins for the New Procurement Leader – the Raw Materials, Spend Matters, published 16 February 2016, accessed 11 March 2023
  2. ^ "What is spend cube". Archived from the original on 4 July 2018.
  3. ^ "Procurement Techniques to Manage Indirect Spend - SIPMM Publications". publication.sipmm.edu.sg. 2021-01-08. Retrieved 2023-03-09.
  4. ^ A. Bartels, T. Pohlmann, H. Lo and C. Lee, Market Overview 2008: Automated Spend Analysis, Forrester Research, 2008