Sphodros niger

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Sphodros niger
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Mygalomorphae
Family: Atypidae
Genus: Sphodros
Species: S. ngier
Binomial name
Sphodros niger
(Hentz, 1842)
Synonyms

Atypus niger

The black purse-web spider (Sphodros niger) is a mygalomorph spider from the Eastern United States.[1] It is listed as a special concern species in Connecticut,[2]

Description[edit]

Males have a body length of about 11 mm, 29 mm with extended legs. The body is black, except for chocolate brown legs.[1] Although the species was first described in 1842, females were first described in 1980.[3] This results from the male's behavior of wandering about in search of mates, while females, which reside in tubes, are rarely found.

Name[edit]

The species name niger is Latin for "black".

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Fitch 1963
  2. ^ "Connecticut's Endangered, Threatened and Special Concern Species 2015". State of Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection Bureau of Natural Resources. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  3. ^ Platnick 2009

References[edit]

  • Gertsch, W.J. & Platnick, N.I. (1980). A revision of the American spiders of the family Atypidae (Araneae, Mygalomorphae). American Museum Novitates 2704. Abstract - PDF (12Mb)
  • Fitch, Henry S. (1963): Spiders of The University of Kansas Natural History Reservation and Rockefeller Experimental Tract.
  • Platnick, Norman I. (2009): The world spider catalog, version 9.5. American Museum of Natural History.