Spinomantis brunae

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Spinomantis brunae
Spinomantis brunae01.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Mantellidae
Subfamily: Mantellinae
Genus: Spinomantis
Species: S. brunae
Binomial name
Spinomantis brunae
(Andreone, Glaw, Vences, and Vallan, 1998)
Synonyms[2]

Mantidactylus brunae Andreone, Glaw, Vences, and Vallan, 1998

Spinomantis brunae (common name: Bruna's stream frog[3]) is a species of frog in the family Mantellidae.[1][2][4] It is endemic to Madagascar and known from the Anosy Mountains in southeastern Madagascar.[1][2][5]

Description[edit]

Males measure 32–35 mm (1.3–1.4 in) in snout–vent length. Females are unknown. The dorsum is olive green with a reticulated pattern of dark brown spots. The flanks have white spots. The digit and toe pads bear a pair of white spots. The iris is creamy white. The tympanum is distinct. The body is granular dorsally, with weakly granular flanks and belly. The fingers and toes bear enlarged, triangular disks. Males have a subgular vocal sac.[5]

Habitat and conservation[edit]

Scpinomantis brunae occur in pristine forests[1] at elevations of 600–800 m (2,000–2,600 ft) above sea level.[5] It lives in crevices among boulders and rocky areas, usually close to flowing water. Its breeding habitat is unknown but could be flowing water;[1] one male was observed to call on a branch half a metre above the ground by a small stream.[5]

This species is locally moderately common. However, the frog is threatened by habitat loss caused by subsistence agriculture, logging, and expanding human settlements. It occurs in the Andohahela National Park.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group (2016). "Spinomantis brunae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T57470A84170267. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c Frost, Darrel R. (2016). "Spinomantis brunae (Andreone, Glaw, Vences, and Vallan, 1998)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  3. ^ "Species prioritization - Madagascar: Spinomantis brunae". Amphibian Ark. 2 February 2008. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Spinomantis brunae (Andreone, Glaw, Vences and Vallan, 1998)". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d Cramer, Abigail F.; Rabibisoa, Nirhy H.C.; Raxworthy, Christopher J. (2008). "Descriptions of two new Spinomantis frogs from Madagascar (Amphibia: Mantellidae), and new morphological data for S. brunae and S. massorum". American Museum Novitates. 3618 (1): 1–22. doi:10.1206/594.1.