|Spiny Babbler in Kathmandu|
The spiny babbler (Turdoides nipalensis; Nepali: काँडे भ्याकुर) is a species of bird in the family Leiothrichidae. Found only in the middle hills of Nepal, it can for example be seen around the Kathmandu valley, specifically around the Godavari and Phulchoki area close to the city of Lalitpur.
Also known locally as the Kande Bhyakur, literally translated "thorny bird". It was first scientifically described by Brian Houghton Hodgson in the mid-19th century, then never seen again and even feared extinct until famously rediscovered by Sidney Dillon Ripley, an American ornithologist, in the late 1940s.
It is predominantly a shy bird but can be seen in the early breeding season when the males sing out in the open. It lives in dense scrubs and mounts branches of bushes and small trees to sing.
It is threatened by the clearance of scrub for agriculture and expansion of urban areas.
- Collar, N. J. & Robson, C. 2007. Family Timaliidae ( Spiny Babblers) pp. 70 – 291 in; del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. & Christie, D.A. eds. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 12. Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Turdoides nipalensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Dreams, Himalayan. "The Spiny Babbler-Wings of Nature". Retrieved 2017-08-15.
- The Status of Nepal's Birds: The National Red List Series Volume 6. The Zoological Society of London, Regent’s Park, London, NW1 4RY, UK. 2016. pp. 414, 415, 416. ISBN 978-0-900881-75-6.