The spotted antbird (Hylophylax naevioides) is a species of bird in the family Thamnophilidae. In southern Central America, it is found in Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama; also Colombia and Ecuador of northwestern South America. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.
A smallish bird, measuring 11 cm (4.3 in) and weighing 16–19.5 g (0.56–0.69 oz). The male spotted antbird's plumage is a distinctive combination of a necklace of large black spots on a white chest, chestnut back, grey head, and black throat. The female is a duller version of the male, but also distinctive with large chest spots and two wide buffy wing-bars.
Range and habitat
Spotted antbirds are known to follow army ant swarms to catch insects and other small animals trying to flee. They eat spiders, scorpions, cockroaches, katydids, crickets, centipedes, sowbugs, moths, beetles, caterpillars, ants, bristletails and, on occasion, lizards and frogs.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Hylophylax naevioides". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Angehr, George R.; Dean, Robert (2010). The Birds of Panama: A Field Guide. Zona Tropical. pp. 214–215. ISBN 978-0-8014-7674-7.
- Garrigues, Richard; Dean, Robert (2007). The Birds of Costa Rica: A Field Guide. Zona Tropical. pp. 180–181. ISBN 978-0-8014-7373-9.
- Skutch, A.F. 1945. Incubation and nestling periods of Central American birds. Auk 62: 8-37.
- "Life History - Spotted Antbird". http://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/. The Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Cornell University. Retrieved 6 March 2014. External link in
- Skutch, A.F. 1969. Life histories of Central American birds III. Pacific Coast Avifauna 35: 1-580.
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- "Spotted antbird media". Internet Bird Collection.
- Spotted antbird photo gallery at VIREO (Drexel University)
- Spotted antbird species account at NeotropicalBirds (Cornell University)