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Sripati Chandrasekhar (22 November 1918, Rajahmundry - 14 June 2001 San Diego, Calif.) was a well-known Indian demographer, economist, sociologist, and scholar who as published extensively on demographics, especially related to India.
Chandrasekhar attended Vorhees High School in Vellore, India, and Madras Presidency College, from where he graduated with a B.A. and M.A. in economics. In 1944 he earned a Ph.D. in Sociology from New York University.
Chandresekhar was deeply concerned by the growing Indian population and advocated a variety of population control measures such as sterilization, abortion, and abstinence. He faced criticism from traditional sectors of society, for example when he advocated that Indians begin eating beef, in contravention of Hindu tradition.
- "The Papers of Dr. Sripati Chandrasekhar".
- "Foe of Overpopulation: Sripati Chandrasekhar". New York Times. 31 March 1967. p. 15.
- Douglas Martin (23 June 2001). "Sripati Chandrasekhar, Indian Demographer, Dies at 83". New York Times.