St. Bernardus Brewery
In the late 19th century anti-clericalism in France forced the Catsberg Abbey Community to move to the village of Watou in West Flanders, Belgium. The Refuge Notre Dame de St.Bernard was established, originally producing cheese to finance abbey activities. In 1934, it was decided to close the Belgian annex and return all monastic activities to France with Evarist Deconinck taking over the cheese factory.
In 1945, the Trappist monastery St. Sixtus decided it would stop the sale of its beer and an agreement was reached whereby the monks would brew only beer for their own consumption but sell it to the public at the gates of the monastery and to a few taverns connected to the monastery. They gave a license to the cheese factory, and Brewery St.Bernard was founded. The brew master from Westvleteren, Mathieu Szafranski (from Polish origin) became a partner in the brewery and brought along the recipes, the know-how and the St.Sixtus yeast strain. Deconinck brewed and sold the Trappist beers under license before a new contract was agreed in 1962. In 1992, the agreement came to an end because the Trappist Monasteries decided that Trappist beer could only be brewed inside the walls of a monastery. Since 1992 the beers brewed in Watou have been sold under the brand name St Bernardus.
The St Bernardus range is considered a close match in recipe and style to the St Sixtus beers, which can be hard to obtain outside the area.
Seven beers are sold under the St. Bernardus label:
- St. Bernardus Tripel (8% ABV)
- St. Bernardus Extra 4 (4.8% ABV)
- St. Bernardus Pater 6 (6.7% ABV)
- St. Bernardus Prior 8 (8% ABV)
- St. Bernardus Abt 12 (10.0% ABV)
- St. Bernardus Witbier (5.5% ABV) this beer was created in collaboration with famous beer brewer Pierre Celis
- Watou Tripel - Belgian Tripel (7.5% ABV)
- St. Bernardus Christmas Ale (10% ABV); only available during the winter
Previously sold under the St. Bernardus label:
- Grottenbier - Belgian Dark Ale (6.5% ABV); . Its name means 'cave beer', because the beer matures in a cave for two months. (Sold from 2001 until 2014, now sold under the name "Grotten Santé" by Brewery Kazematten)
- "Sint Bernardus". sintbernardus.be. 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2012.
- "Christmas Ale | Brouwerij St. Bernardus NV". BeerAdvocate. Retrieved 2015-12-02.
- "Voortaan brouwerij in Ieperse Kazematten - Nieuws | Westhoek.be". www.westhoek.be. Retrieved 2015-12-02.
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