St Barnabas' Church, Bromborough

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St Barnabas' Church, Bromborough
St Barnabas' Church, Bromborough, from the southeast
St Barnabas' Church, Bromborough is located in Merseyside
St Barnabas' Church, Bromborough
St Barnabas' Church, Bromborough
Location in Merseyside
Coordinates: 53°19′58″N 2°58′44″W / 53.3329°N 2.9788°W / 53.3329; -2.9788
OS grid reference SJ 349 823
Location Bromborough, Wirral, Merseyside
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website St Barnabas, Bromborough
History
Dedication Saint Barnabas
Dedicated 27th October 1864
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade II*
Designated 27 December 1962
Architect(s) Sir George Gilbert Scott
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic Revival
Completed 1864
Specifications
Materials Stone with slate roof
Administration
Parish Bromborough
Deanery Wirral South
Archdeaconry Chester
Diocese Chester
Province York
Clergy
Assistant priest Revd Elaine Bisson
Laity
Reader(s) Lynne Whittaker, Julie Rigby
Churchwarden(s) Carol Jones, Thelma McGorry

St Barnabas' Church is in the town of Bromborough, Wirral, Merseyside, England. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building,[1] and stands within the boundary of the Bromborough Village Conservation Area.[2] It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Chester, the archdeaconry of Chester and the deanery of Wirral South.[3] The authors of the Buildings of England series describe it a "handsome church for a village-gone-prosperous".[4] It is considered to be a well-designed example of the work of Sir George Gilbert Scott.[1] In the churchyard are three Anglo-Saxon carved stones which have been reconstructed to form a cross.

History[edit]

The first church on the site was built in 928 adjacent to a monastery which had been founded in 912, probably by Ethelfleda. This church was demolished in 1828 and replaced on the same site by another church.[5] This church was again replaced by the present church. It was built on a big scale between 1862 and 1864 to serve the residents of new large houses which had recently been built in the town. The architect was Sir George Gilbert Scott.[4]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The church is built from local red Triassic sandstone[6] with a slate roof. Its plan consists of a nave with clerestory, north and south aisles under lean-to roofs, a chancel with a semicircular apse, a south vestry and a northeast tower with a broach spire. It is built in Early English style.[1]

Interior[edit]

The sanctuary contains trefoil blind arcading. The reredos is a sculpted relief depicting The Last Supper. The font and pulpit are octagonal. The wooden screens and stalls are dated 1900. Most of the stained glass is by Clayton and Bell.[1] The east window is by Ballantyne and Son.[4] The three-manual organ was built around 1923 by Rushworth and Dreaper of Liverpool.[7] There is a ring of eight bells, which are all dated 1880 by John Taylor and Company.[8]

External features[edit]

Cross

In the churchyard are three stone fragments dating possibly from the 10th century which have been re-erected in the form of a Celtic cross.[9] The re-erection was carried out in 1958 by the Bromborough Society. It is listed at Grade II.[10] Also in the churchyard and listed at Grade II is a stone sundial dated 1730 which is possibly constructed from a 15th-century cross. It consists of two square steps on a base, a tapered shaft and a square cap.[11] There are four war graves of service personnel, one of World War I and four of World War II.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Historic England, "Church of St Barnabas, Bebington (1183871)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 4 February 2013 
  2. ^ Bromborough Village Conservation Area, Wirral Council, retrieved 12 May 2011 
  3. ^ St Barnabas, Bromborough, Church of England, retrieved 12 May 2011 
  4. ^ a b c Hartwell, Claire; Hyde, Matthew; Hubbard, Edward; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2011) [1971], Cheshire, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 186, ISBN 978-0-300-17043-6 
  5. ^ Bromborough St Barnabas, The Open Churches Trust, retrieved 12 January 2008 
  6. ^ "5.4.4,5.4.9". Bromborough Village Conservation Area Appraisal and Management Plan - Part 1. Chester: Donald Insall Associates Ltd. 2009. 
  7. ^ Bromborough St. Barnabas, British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 13 August 2008 
  8. ^ Bromborough S Barnabas, Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers, retrieved 13 August 2008 
  9. ^ St Barnabas (Bromborough), The Megalithic Portal, retrieved 12 January 2008 
  10. ^ Historic England, "Cross to right of porch of St Barnabas Church, Bebington (1343465)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 4 February 2013 
  11. ^ Historic England, "Sundial approximately 17 metres to north of St Barnabas Church, Bebington (1343486)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 4 February 2013 
  12. ^ BROMBOROUGH (ST. BARNABAS) CHURCHYARD, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 4 February 2013