St Michael's Church, St Michael's on Wyre

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St Michael's
Church of Saint Michael
St.Michael's-on-Wyre Church - geograph.org.uk - 1778054.jpg
St Michael's Church, from the west
St Michael's is located in the Borough of Wyre
St Michael's
St Michael's
Location in the Borough of Wyre
Coordinates: 53°51′46″N 2°49′10″W / 53.8628°N 2.8195°W / 53.8628; -2.8195
OS grid reference SD 4620241041
Location St Michael's on Wyre, Lancashire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade I
Designated 17 April 1967 (1967-04-17)
Administration
Archdeaconry Lancaster
Diocese Blackburn
Province York
Clergy
Priest in charge Rev Andrew Wilkinson

St Michael's Church is an Anglican church in the village of St Michael's on Wyre, Lancashire, England. It is a typical late Medieval church and has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building. It is an active parish church in the Diocese of Blackburn and the archdeaconry of Lancaster.

History[edit]

St Michael's on Wyre is one of seven ancient parishes of the hundred of Amounderness. It was the third largest, with an area of 18,888 acres (76.44 km2; 29.51 sq mi).[1] The Domesday Book of 1086 lists three churches in Amounderness, one of which was probably St Michael's.[2] There has certainly been a church on the site from at least the 13th century, elements of which remain in the current building.[3] The present church was possibly built in the 15th century and alterations were made in the 17th century. The church was designated a Grade I listed building on 17 April 1967.[3] The Grade I listing is for buildings "exceptional interest, sometimes considered to be internationally important".[4]

Architecture[edit]

The church is typical of late Medieval churches of northern England and is constructed of sandstone ashlar and rubble.[3][5] The plan consists of a tower at the west end, a chancel and nave under a continuous roof and a chapel to the north.[3] The tower is said to date from 1549.[6] It is broad and low with a west window and has three stages, the upper of which (added later) is inset.[5] The date 1611 and the coat of arms and initials of Henry Butler are carved into the parapet.[6] The tower's plan is trapezoidal and it has angled buttresses.[3]

The chancel and nave are under a continuous roof of blue slate. There is an aisle to the south under a separate gabled slate roof, with an embattled parapet and buttresses.[3] The aisle is separated from the chancel by two wide arches. There is a porch to the south of the south aisle.[6] A shorter aisle lies to the north of the church, west of the Butler Chapel.[3]

The Butler Chapel to the north of the church dates from 1480 and was founded as a chantry of St Katharine.[5][6] It was repaired in 1797 and reseated and restored in 1854.[6] It has a pitched roof with an embattled parapet which dates from the 19th century.[3] Its windows have flat heads with cinquefoil tops and upper mouchettes.[5]

The tower houses a ring of three bells, hung in a timber frame.[7] The treble was cast in 1458 and given to the church by a French lady. It is inscribed with Gothic script.[7] The second bell was cast in 1663 by Geoffrey Scott of Wigan. The third dates from 1742 and was cast by Abel Rudhall of Gloucestershire.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Cheetham (1914), p. 3
  2. ^ Cheetham (1914), p. 5
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Church Of St Michael, Garstang Road", Heritage Gateway, English Heritage, retrieved 19 August 2010 
  4. ^ Listed Buildings, English Heritage, 2010, retrieved 22 August 2011 
  5. ^ a b c d Hartwell & Pevsner (2009), pp. 591–92
  6. ^ a b c d e Farrer & Brownbill (1912)
  7. ^ a b Cheetham (1919), pp. 95–100
  8. ^ "St Michael's on Wyre — S Michael", Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers, 24 June 2009, retrieved 8 November 2010 

Bibliography[edit]