Stainburn

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Stainburn
Stainburn is located in North Yorkshire
Stainburn
Stainburn
Stainburn shown within North Yorkshire
Population 267 (Including Castley and Lindley. 2011)
OS grid reference SE425049448275
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Otley
Postcode district LS
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°56′N 1°37′W / 53.93°N 1.62°W / 53.93; -1.62Coordinates: 53°56′N 1°37′W / 53.93°N 1.62°W / 53.93; -1.62

Stainburn is a village and civil parish in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England where it is situated 10 miles north of Leeds. St Mary's Church, Stainburn is one of Stainburn's main attractions, offering fine views over Wharfedale[1] and is therefore classified as a Grade I listed building hence, currently being under the care of the Churches Conservation Trust. As a result, portraying Stainburn as a quaint village with peaceful idyllic walkways towards the Moor. Whilst Stainburn does not have direct access to a Post Office within the immediate vicinity, the nearest Post Office is of that in Pool-in-Wharfedale.[2]

Bridleway to Stainburn Moor

Stainburn in the 1870s was previously referred to as:

"a township-chapelry, with two hamlets, in Kirkby-Overblow parish, W. R. Yorkshire; near Weeton railway station, and 4 miles NE by E of Otley; where there is a parochial school".[3]

The name 'Stainburn' has an original meaning when broken down into old English which is: "Stone Stream",[4] suggesting the village suffered a lack of fresh water supplies, many centuries ago.

Places of Interest[edit]

The nearest schools to Stainburn are: Farnley Church of England Voluntary Aided Primary School (1.8 miles), Pool-in-Wharfedale Church of England Voluntary Controlled Primary School (2.1 miles)[5] and Prince Henry's Grammar School, Otley (3.0 miles).[6]

Stainburn is well known for its bike trails, in particular it homes one of the newest edition of trails: Descent Line Trail in Yorkshire and the Humber for experienced mountain bikers covering a short distance of 1.5 km. Not to mention, it occupies some of the most intricate trails such as: the black-graded 4 km Warren Boulder Trail and the 2 km Red Loop Trail.[7]

Within the parish of Stainburn, there is a forest which is positioned near to Harrogate and Otley. It is "a largely coniferous woodland on the edge of Nidderdale AONB which consists of two parts... a mixed pine, larch and spruce area on the sloping ground of Norwood edge and... a plateau of spruce... of scots pine and larch to the east".[8]

Stainburn moor, situated 3 km from Bland Hill, North Yorkshire[9] also resides a frequently used car park. It is most commonly used by walkers and mountain bikers; however it also accommodates people visiting the village of Stainburn.[8]

St Mary's Church[edit]

St Mary's Church is considered:

"A Norman church... which has grown out of the harsh land on which it stands. Except for a porch, bell-cote and vestry, its original Norman shape and many original features are retained. The Splendid Chancel Arch, some of the windows and well-carved font are Norman... however the roof is late medieval and the robust oak pews are from about 1600".[10]

After its "restoration in 1894"[11] it is nowadays viewed as:

"an enchanting place of great antiquity".[10] Where it is currently "maintained by the Friends of Friendless Churches".[11]

However, back in the 12th Century it began as "a chapel of ease to nearby Kirkby Overblow",[12] and consequently "was given to Fountains Abbey in the middle of the 12th Century".[12]

Population[edit]

"According to the latest census of 2011 it has a population of 267 residents".[13]

Population of Stainburn since 1881–2011

This population graph shows an overall increase over 130 years from 1881–2011 in terms of the number of residents that have moved into the village of Stainburn. However, the most noticeable difference being within a 50-year time period, from 1961 where the population rapidly increased from 122 residents to 267 residents in 2011 (Census data) an overall increase of 145 inhabitants. Although, prior to the 1961 population of Stainburn, the general trend saw the population decrease by 52 residents from 1881 to 1961.[13]

"According to the 1901 Census data for the County of York, the Ecclesiastical Parish of Stainburn was formed in 1871 with 29 inhabited houses"[14]

History[edit]

In 1848, Stainburn was viewed as a village with houses distributed all around and the Norman style chapel being considered the physical heart of the village. It consisted of:

"2900 acres of land alongside the property of F. H. Fawkes, Esq., lord of the manor. Whilst the land was considered valuable for cultivation, the tithes were introduced for land purposes within the religious organisation. Bequests (acts of giving) were implemented for the poor people of the village".[15]
"In 1086 King William was the Lord of Stainburn".,[16] where in the same year the "Tenant-in-chief was also King William"[16] "In 1066 the value to the Lord was £2 with a taxeable value of 5 geld units".[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Welcome to Yorkshire". Retrieved 7 March 2013. 
  2. ^ "Get Post Office". Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  3. ^ Wilson, John (1870–72). "Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales". Edinburgh: A. Fullarton and Co. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  4. ^ Watts. "Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-names 566". Retrieved 6 March 2013. 
  5. ^ "RM at Home". Retrieved 7 March 2013. 
  6. ^ "RM at Home". Retrieved 7 March 2013. 
  7. ^ "Bikemagic Trail Guide". Retrieved 7 March 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "Forestry Commission England". Retrieved 7 March 2013. 
  9. ^ "Geolocation". Retrieved 7 March 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "The Churches Conservation Trust". Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "British Listed Buildings". Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  12. ^ a b "Britain Express". Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  13. ^ a b "Stainburn (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 February 2016. 
  14. ^ "Online Historical Population Reports". Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  15. ^ Lewis, Samuel. "Stain – Stainton, Market". A Topographical Dictionary of England. Retrieved 6 March 2013. 
  16. ^ a b c "Open Domesday". Retrieved 19 March 2013. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Stainburn at Wikimedia Commons