Stainburn

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Stainburn
Stainburn is located in North Yorkshire
Stainburn
Stainburn
Location within North Yorkshire
Population120 
OS grid referenceSE425049448275
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townOtley
Postcode districtLS21
PoliceNorth Yorkshire
FireNorth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°56′N 1°37′W / 53.93°N 1.62°W / 53.93; -1.62Coordinates: 53°56′N 1°37′W / 53.93°N 1.62°W / 53.93; -1.62

Stainburn is a village and civil parish in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England, 10 miles (16 km) north of Leeds. The population of the civil parish was estimated at 120 in 2015.[1]

St Mary's Church is one of Stainburn's main attractions, offering fine views over Wharfedale.[2] It is a Grade I listed building, currently being under the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.

Bridleway to Stainburn Moor

History[edit]

The name 'Stainburn' is derived from the Old English and means "Stone Stream",[3] suggesting the village suffered a lack of fresh water supplies, many centuries ago.

Stainburn is recorded in the Domesday Book in 1086: "King William was the Lord of Stainburn".,[4] and the "Tenant-in-chief was also King William"[4] "In 1066 the value to the Lord was £2 with a taxeable value of 5 geld units".[4]

In 1848, Stainburn was a village with houses distributed all around the Norman style chapel. It consisted of:

"2900 acres of land alongside the property of F. H. Fawkes, Esq., lord of the manor. Whilst the land was considered valuable for cultivation, the tithes were introduced for land purposes within the religious organisation. Bequests (acts of giving) were implemented for the poor people of the village".[5]

Stainburn was historically a township in the parish of Kirkby Overblow in the West Riding of Yorkshire. In the 1870s it was described as:

"a township-chapelry, with two hamlets, in Kirkby-Overblow parish, W. R. Yorkshire; near Weeton railway station, and 4 miles NE by E of Otley; where there is a parochial school".[6]

The village was transferred to the new county of North Yorkshire in 1974.

Places of interest[edit]

The nearest schools to Stainburn are: Farnley Church of England Voluntary Aided Primary School (1.8 miles (2.9 km)), Pool-in-Wharfedale Church of England Voluntary Controlled Primary School (2.1 miles (3.4 km))[7] and Prince Henry's Grammar School, Otley (3 miles (4.8 km)).[8]

Stainburn is well known for its bike trails, in particular it homes one of the newest edition of trails: Descent Line Trail in Yorkshire and the Humber for experienced mountain bikers covering a short distance of 1.5 km. Not to mention, it occupies some of the most intricate trails such as: the black-graded 4 km Warren Boulder Trail and the 2 km Red Loop Trail.[9]

Within the parish of Stainburn, there is a forest which is positioned near to Harrogate and Otley. It is "a largely coniferous woodland on the edge of Nidderdale AONB which consists of two parts... a mixed pine, larch and spruce area on the sloping ground of Norwood edge and... a plateau of spruce... of scots pine and larch to the east".[10]

Stainburn Moor, situated 3 km from Bland Hill, has a car park used by walkers and mountain bikers, and also visitors to the village of Stainburn.[10]

St Mary's Church[edit]

St Mary's Church is considered:

"A Norman church... which has grown out of the harsh land on which it stands. Except for a porch, bell-cote and vestry, its original Norman shape and many original features are retained. The Splendid Chancel Arch, some of the windows and well-carved font are Norman... however the roof is late medieval and the robust oak pews are from about 1600".[11]

After its "restoration in 1894"[12] it is nowadays viewed as:

"an enchanting place of great antiquity".[11] Where it is currently "maintained by the Friends of Friendless Churches".[12]

However, back in the 12th Century it began as "a chapel of ease to nearby Kirkby Overblow",[13] and consequently "was given to Fountains Abbey in the middle of the 12th Century".[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population Estimates" (PDF). North Yorkshire County Council. 2015. Retrieved 24 August 2017. In the 2011 census the population of the parish was included with the parishes of Castley and Lindley and not counted separately.
  2. ^ "Welcome to Yorkshire". Retrieved 7 March 2013.
  3. ^ Watts. "Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-names 566". Retrieved 6 March 2013.
  4. ^ a b c "Open Domesday". Retrieved 19 March 2013.
  5. ^ Lewis, Samuel. "Stain – Stainton, Market". A Topographical Dictionary of England. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
  6. ^ Wilson, John (1870–72). "Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales". Edinburgh: A. Fullarton and Co. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  7. ^ "RM at Home". Retrieved 7 March 2013.
  8. ^ "RM at Home". Retrieved 7 March 2013.
  9. ^ "Bikemagic Trail Guide". Retrieved 7 March 2013.
  10. ^ a b "Forestry Commission England". Retrieved 7 March 2013.
  11. ^ a b "The Churches Conservation Trust". Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  12. ^ a b "British Listed Buildings". Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  13. ^ a b "Britain Express". Retrieved 14 March 2013.

External links[edit]

Media related to Stainburn at Wikimedia Commons