The now closed general store and post office (circa 1852)
|Population||324 (2006 census)|
|Elevation||800 m (2,625 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Indigo|
The town was formerly known as Snake Gully and Nine Mile Creek. Many parts of this rural community have the remains of gold diggings from the Victorian gold rush of the mid-1800s.
Gold rush era
The district has an important historic gold mining past and produced some colourful people during that heyday. Among them was John Scarlett (1824-?), a Scottish miner. Scarlett was involved in all things associated with writing to the newspapers, calling meetings and voicing his opinions. Originally a dry miner, he advocated rights for this type of operator, then on acquiring access to water he became an advocate for wet miners to the exclusion of the dry operators. He stood for mining board elections and then Victorian parliament in 1859. He appears in two historical works of the district: Woods, Beechworth and more so in O'Brien, Shenanigans. Scarlett eventually became the Secretary for the local roads board. No known photo of him exists. In her book, Carole Woods termed Scarlett the "Nine Mile Warrior". O'Brien's work with the local 1850s papers uncovered an advertisement against Scarlett and much doggerel verse: a local paper christened Scarlett a "water squatter".
During the gold era, the Stanley region comprised a higher proportion of miners from Scotland, in comparison to other localities in the surrounding area. (O'Brien) The gold mining carried out in the district involved (wet) sluicing operations.
Like many goldfields in northeastern Victoria there was a Chinese presence at Stanley.
The town centre includes the Old Store Cafe (Closed), Stanley Pub, Primary School (currently not used as a school), CFA Fire Shed, Uniting Church, Recreational Reserve, Town Hall and Athenaeum (library). A store was built by Syd Mathieson (circa 1852),The Post Office was officially recognised and opened on 1 October 1857 as Nine Mile Creek and was renamed Stanley the next year. but ceased trading in 2010.
There remain only two of the original buildings in Stanley, they being the store and powder magazine at the rear and the old police lock-up on Collins Road.
There are limited building permits being issued for Stanley to allow for controllable use of services such as water (there is no town water, just private bores and water tanks; some residents pump from local creeks.)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stanley, Victoria.|
- Craig. G.F. The Chinese Miners at Stanley, Beechworth, 1987,
- O'Brien, Antony. Shenanigans on the Ovens Goldfields: the 1859 Election, Artillery Publishing, Hartwell, 2005.
- Williams, David. Gold and Granite Grandeur: Living History of Beechworth, Stanley and Eldorado, 1994. (fine sketches of several pioneer Stanley buildings and surrounds)
- Woods Carole. Beechworth: A Titan's Field, Hargreen, North Melbourne, 1985.