Stansted Mountfitchet Castle

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Stansted Mountfitchet Castle
Stansted Mountfitchet, Essex, England
Mountfitchet Castle - geograph.org.uk - 904600.jpg
The entrance to the castle
Stansted Mountfitchet Castle is located in Essex
Stansted Mountfitchet Castle
Stansted Mountfitchet Castle
Coordinates51°54′10″N 0°12′03″E / 51.9029°N 0.2007°E / 51.9029; 0.2007Coordinates: 51°54′10″N 0°12′03″E / 51.9029°N 0.2007°E / 51.9029; 0.2007
Grid referencegrid reference TL515250
Site information
Open to
the public
Yes
Site history
MaterialsStone and timber

Stansted Mountfitchet Castle, also termed simply Mountfitchet Castle, is a Norman ringwork and bailey fortification in Stansted Mountfitchet, Essex, England. The site is currently in use as a Living history museum, complete with livestock that would have been kept by people during the period that the castle was in use.

History[edit]

Reconstructed interior of the castle with free ranging chickens

The castle was built following the Norman conquest of England by the Mountfitchet family.[1] It was constructed on high ground with a ringwork defence, enclosing around 0.5 acres (0.20 ha), and a bailey complex, enclosing 1 acre (0.40 ha) on slightly lower ground.[2] Within the ringwork was a keep, within a small, round enclosure.[2]

In the 1980s the castle was reconstructed as a tourist attraction.[1] Although efforts were made during the reconstruction to protect the original features of the castle, the transformation and subsequent tourist numbers have caused damage to the site.[3]

In 2013, one of the castle's cockerels, a Light Brahma named 'Little John', was nominated for the world record for tallest chicken, standing at 66 centimetres tall.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Pettifer, p.74.
  2. ^ a b 'Stansted Mountfitchet', An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Essex, Volume 1: North West (1916), pp. 275-280. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=122476 Date accessed: 5 May 2013.
  3. ^ Blockley, p.17.
  4. ^ World's tallest cockerel reared on popcorn, The Telegraph

Bibliography[edit]

  • Blockley, Marion (1999). "Archaeological Reconstructions and the Community in the UK". In Planel, Philippe; Stone, Peter G. The Constructed Past: Experimental Archaeology, Education and the Public. London, UK: Routledge. pp. 15–32. ISBN 9780203205822.
  • Pettifer, Adrian (1995). English Castles: a Guide by Counties. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell Press. ISBN 9780851157825.