State Records Office of Western Australia
The State Records Office of Western Australia (SRO) is the Western Australian government authority with responsibility for identifying, managing, preserving and providing access to the state's archives. The SRO also delivers best-practice records management services to state and local government agencies.
The State Records Office operates under its own legislation, the State Records Act 2000, which was formally proclaimed in the Government Gazette on 30 November 2001. The SRO is an independent government agency within Western Australia's Department of Local Government, Sport and Cultural Industries.
The nucleus of the state archives collections is the Colonial Secretary's Office records acquired in 1903 by the first librarian of the Public Library, Dr James Sykes Battye. Concern about the destruction of valuable records prompted the formation of the Public Records Committee (chaired by Dr Battye) in 1923, which was later revived as the State Archives Board in 1929, functioning until 1943. In March 1945, Mollie Lukis was appointed as the first archivist overseeing the development of the state's archival collections and, in 1956, the state archives collection became part of the J. S. Battye Library of West Australian History.
In 1988 the State Archives became a separate directorate within the Library and Information Service of Western Australia (LISWA) and in 1990 a Records Management Branch, (now called Recordkeeping Services), was established to enable more active engagement in records management matters at both state and local government levels. In 1995 the State Archives was renamed the Public Records Office and the responsibility for private archives was transferred to the Battye Library in 1996. In April 1999 the SRO moved to its current home on the ground floor of the Alexander Library Building and was officially christened with its current name.
In November 2000 the State Records Act was passed, the State Records Commission was established and the State Records Office became independent of LISWA.
The State Records Act 2000 replaced the archives and recordkeeping aspects of the Library Board of Western Australia Act 1951-1983. Providing for an independent State Records Commission (SRC) with standards-setting, auditing and reporting responsibilities, the SRC is accountable directly to Parliament. Membership of the Commission is at a level commensurate with the high degree of accountability and transparency that are hallmarks of the legislation. The four members of the Commission are the Auditor General, the Information Commissioner, the Ombudsman, and an appointee with recordkeeping experience from outside Government.
The SRO has legislative responsibility for ensuring government records are appropriately created and maintained.
The SRO also manages the State archives collection, defined as those government records recognised as having continuing and enduring value for the State and the community and which have been transferred to the SRO's custody.
The legislation has its genesis in the recommendations of the 1996 Commission on Government – Specified Matter 9. The Commission on Government was itself the result of the Royal Commission into the commercial activities of government and other matters, better known as WA Inc.
State archives collection
The State Records Office maintains approximately 15 linear kilometres of archival records, comprising approximately 2 million items and created by over 1,300 individual State and Local Government agencies, many of which are now defunct or have had significant changes in name or function. The state archives collection is the largest collection of documentary heritage in Western Australia and archives date from the foundation of the Swan River Colony in 1829.
The state archives collection includes:
- Records about Aboriginal Western Australians
- The architectural and engineering plans of the Public Works Department
- Records of land surveys, grants and purchases from the 19th and early 20th centuries
- Colonial/Chief Secretary's Office records from 1828 until early 20th century
- Records of convicts transported to Western Australia, 1850-1868. These have been inscribed on UNESCO's Memory of the World Register.
- Court records; including those of the Supreme Court dating from 1832 until the mid-20th century.
- Records of the Education Department and various state schools
- Harbour and shipping records and 19th-century passenger lists
- Health Department and hospital records
- The records of local government in WA
- Mines Department records
- Police Department and police station records
- Premier, cabinet and parliamentary records
- Prison records
- Records about the development of railways
Since 2003 the Margaret Medcalf award has been given to published and unpublished research utilising the SRO records.
Recent winners have been:
- 2018 - Joint winners: Agents of Empire. How E.L Mitchell's Photographs Shaped Australia by Joanna Sassoon, and After the War: Returned Soldiers and the Mental and Physical Scars of World War 1 by Leigh Straw.
- 2017 - Turning men into stone by Criena Fitzgerald
- 2016 - Take me to the river: the story of Perth’s foreshore by Julian Bolleter
A list of all previous winners is available on SRO's website.
Accessing the state's archives
The State Records Office of Western Australia is located on the ground floor of the Alexander Library Building, in the Perth Cultural Centre. State archives can be viewed in the SRO's search room. Online access and provision of digital copies are also available to the general public.
Information about the records in the collection can be found using the SRO online catalogue.
- "State Archives Board: Preserving Historical Records". The West Australian. Perth: National Library of Australia. 22 May 1931. p. 16. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
- "Mollie Lukis (1911-2009)", Australian Library Journal, 58 (4): 347–348, November 2009, ISSN 0004-9670
- State Records Act 2000 at WA State Law Publisher. Retrieved 21 October 2017
- State Records Commission at State Records Office of WA. Retrieved 21 October 2017
- About the State Records Office. Official website. Retrieved 21 October 2017
- The Collection. Official website. Retrieved 21 October 2017
- Archive holdings. CAARA statistics 2014-2015. Retrieved 21 October 2017
- State Records Commission (2014). Annual Report 2013/2014 (PDF) (Report). p. 21.
- "'Turning Men Into Stone' wins 2017 Margaret Medcalf Award". State Records Office of Western Australia. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
- Cite error: The named reference
two-winnerswas invoked but never defined (see the help page).
- Fitzgerald, Criena (2016), Turning men into stone : a social and medical history of silicosis in Western Australia 1890-1970, Carlisle, Western Australia Hesperian Press, ISBN 978-0-85905-635-9
- William Yeoman (22 June 2016). "Julian Bolleter wins 2016 Margaret Medcalf Award". The West Australian. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
- "Previous winners". State Records Office of Western Australia. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
- The SRO is a separate entity, although it is sometimes confused with the Battye Library, a historic collection of the State Library, owing to its location in the same building.
- Changes to services (2016). Official website. Retrieved 21 October 2017
- Welcome. Official website. Retrieved 21 October 2017
- "Towards a State Archive in Western Australia, 1903–1945", by Michael Nind, published in Early Days (Vol. 11, Pt. 3) in 1997.
This article provides a concise account of the developments that led to the appointment of Mollie Lukis in 1945 as the State's first Archivist.
- "The Pre-history of the State Archives" : address by Sir Paul Hasluck
Transcript of an address given by Sir Paul Hasluck in March 1982 to the Friends of Battye Library. The original recording also available from the State Library's Oral History Collection (OH1091)
- "The State Archives of Western Australia" by Tom Reynolds and Christopher Coggin, published in Western Perspectives: Library and Information Services in Western Australia (edited by Robert C. Sharman and Laurel A. Clyde) in 1990.
- Official site
- Information about the State Records Commission
- State Records Act 2000
- Online Database
- National Archives Australia
- J. S. Battye Library