Stefan Kaczmarz (born 1895 in historic Polish town Sambor, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (now Ukraine) - 1939) was a Polish mathematician. His Kaczmarz method provided the basis for many modern imaging technologies, including the CAT scan.
The circumstances of Kaczmarz's death are unclear. In early September 1939, he was called up for military service by the Russian-controlled part of partitioned Poland, and was not heard from afterwards. Theories for his death include the possibility that he died a few days later near Nisko (the source of his last letter to his wife) in a German bombing raid on a train he was traveling in, that he died later that month in combat against the Germans near Umiastów, or that he was murdered by the NKVD in April or May 1940 as part of the Katyń massacre.
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