|Died||October 24, 1689 (aged 56)|
Stephan Farffler (1633 – October 24, 1689), sometimes spelled Stephan Farfler, was a Nuremberg watchmaker of the seventeenth century whose invention of a manumotive carriage in 1655 is widely considered to have been the first self-propelled wheelchair. The three-wheeled device is also believed to have been a precursor to the modern-day tricycle and bicycle.
Notes and references
- "A Brief History of the Tricycle". retropedalcars.com. 2012-12-02. Archived from the original on 11 Jan 2013.
- "Medical Innovations - Wheelchair," Science Reporter, Volume 44, 2007, 397.
- Jane Bidder, Inventions We Use to Go Places (London: Franklin Watts, 2006, 18)
- Rory A. Cooper, Hisaichi Ohnabe, and Douglas A. Hobson, An Introduction to Rehabilitation Engineering (Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2007, 131
- Clive Richardson, Driving, the development and use of horse-drawn vehicles (B. T. Batsford, 1985, 136)
- Frederick James Britten et al., Britten's old clocks and watches and their makers (E. Methuen, 1973, 391)