Stephen Scholey

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Stephen Scholey
Scholeys.jpg
Mr & Mrs Stephen Scholey
Born 22 January 1815
Holbeck Village, Leeds, England
Died 13 May 1878 (1878-05-14) (aged 63)
East Maitland N S W
Nationality British
Occupation Member NSW Parliament

Stephen Scholey (22 January 1815 – 13 May 1878) was a Member of the Legislative Assembly of the British colony of New South Wales, Australia. He was born in Garden street, Holbeck village, near Leeds, West Riding of Yorkshire, England, and died at East Maitland, New South Wales.

Early life[edit]

The son of John Scholey (1774–1834) a landed proprietor, by his spouse Mary née Gray (1778–1856), Stephen, with his brother and sister, inherited a Leeds estate from their father which included a major part of the township of Holbeck, now a suburb of Leeds.[1]

Scholey was first apprenticed as a butcher, as was his brother, John. Stephen was listed in White's History, Gazetter & Directory of the West Riding of Yorkshire[2] for 1837 as resident at 25 Templars Street, with a butcher's business at 2 Cheapside, Leeds.

He married at Leeds Minster (St.Peter's, - where he had been baptised), Ann (1809–1888)[3] daughter of William Spink, a Yeoman of Wintringham, East Riding of Yorkshire, by his spouse Mary Topham. They had two children: John Scholey (1840–1908), Mary Ann (1847–1896)[4] who married, as his second wife, Daniel Cotterill (1826–1916). Both his children were born at the family residence at 27 Trafalgar Street, Leeds, and they were living there in 1853.

New South Wales[edit]

In 1853 he first travelled to East Maitland, New South Wales as a livestock agent. He returned to Leeds two years later on the ship Speedy, when he sold his business. He thereafter diversified his business and political interests and returned to colony. On 13 December 1861, he and James Brunker purchased 600 head of cattle at a sale in the Northumberland Hotel, Maitland.[5] In March 1862 a new municipality of East Maitland was created and elections were called.[6] Stephen Scholey was elected Alderman for the new municipality on 25 April 1862;[7] and on 2 May 1867, he was commissioned by the Colonial Office, with a Letters Patent[8] from the colony's governor, Sir John Young (and witnessed by Henry Parkes, who had stood for election to the Legislative Assembly in Scholey's East Maitland in August 1863, but was defeated by J. B. Darvall), to that effect, to be Warden and President of the Maitland District Council.[9]

In 1869 he stood unsuccessfully for a seat in the colony's parliament, coming second, losing by just 35 votes.[10] However, on 24 February 1872, he was elected the Member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly for East Maitland, a seat he held until his death.[11] He became a friend and colleague of the famous New South Wales parliamentarian Sir Henry Parkes, and a leading light in the temperance movement.[12]

"Stephen Scholey, M.L.A.," had a Town Address in Jamison Street, Sydney,[13] and country address in Melbourne Street, East Maitland.[14]

He died from a ruptured duodenal ulcer, and was buried in the Wesleyan cemetery at East Maitland on 14 May 1878, the day after his death.[15] An obituary for Stephen Scholey, with an engraving of him, appeared on Saturday 1 June 1878 in The Sydney Mail.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Will at the Borthwick Institute for Archives, University of York, Ref:IR26/1401/PFF3467)
  2. ^ p.599
  3. ^ Funeral Notice, Maitland Mercury, 27 October 1888, the day after her death
  4. ^ Funeral Notice, Maitland Mercury, 5 September 1896, date of death
  5. ^ http://libguides.newcastle.edu.au/content.php?pid=252483&sid=2084600
  6. ^ New South Wales Government Gazette, 11 April 1862, no.66, p.717
  7. ^ New South Wales Government Gazette, 13 May 1862, no.87, p.920
  8. ^ Entered in the Register of Patents, book no.9, page 298, on 15 May 1867.
  9. ^ Incorporated on 1 July 1843.
  10. ^ Maitland Mercury newspaper, 18 February 1869
  11. ^ The New South Wales Legislative Assembly - Alphabetical roll, p.195
  12. ^ Mentions and letters of Stephen Scholey can be found in Politics in New South Wales 1856-1900, (edited by Brian Dickey, Cassell, Australia).
  13. ^ Sands' Sydney & Suburban Directory, 1873, pps:3 & 477
  14. ^ The Official Post Office Country Directory & Gazetteer of New South Wales for 1878-79, p.338.
  15. ^ Death Certificate.
  • The (British) Colonial Office List for 1874 under New South Wales, p. 94.