Stephen of Aumale
In the conspiracy of 1095 against William Rufus, the object of the rebels was to place Stephen on the English throne. Stephen was the first cousin of brothers William Rufus, King of England and Robert Curthose, Duke of Normandy. The leaders were Robert de Mowbray and Guillaume III of Eu, Count of Eu. Stephen was apparently not put on trial himself as he may have been out of the king's reach in Normandy. Stephen's father Odo of Champagne lost his English lands for his complicity.
In 1096 Stephen joined the First Crusade, with Robert Curthose, Duke of Normandy. Following the death of King William Rufus, in 1102 Stephen was given back his father's confiscated lands and became lord of Holderness, Yorkshire, England. He sided with Henry I in 1104 against Robert II Curthose but in 1118, when William Clito rebelled against Henry I of England, Stephen supported him, with Baldwin VII of Flanders. He finally submitted to Henry I in 1119.
He married Hawise, daughter of Ralph de Mortimer, Lord of Wigmore and Seigneur de St. Victor-en-Caux, and Mélisende. Their children were :
- Guillaume le Gros (c. 1101–1179), Count of Aumale; married Cecily of Skipton,[a] daughter of William fitz Duncan.
- Étienne le Gros (Stephen), († c. 1112) mentioned 1150 ; married the daughter of Roger Mortimer
- Enguerrand or Ingelran de Aumale, mentioned 1150 ;
- Agnès, (c. 1117–aft. 1170) who married William de Roumare († 1151), son of William de Roumare, Earl of Lincoln. As his widow she secondly married Adam I de Brus, Lord of Skelton 
- Cicily, Lady of Skipton was a granddaughter of Duncan II, King of Scotland. See: Scots Peerage, I, p. 2.
- George Edward Cokayne, The Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant Extinct or Dormant, Vol. I, ed. Vicary Gibbs (London: The St. Catherine Press, Ltd., 1910), p. 352
- William Dugdale, The Baronage of England, Vol. I (London: Thomas Newcomb, 1675), p. 23
- C. Warren Hollister, 'Magnates and Curiales in Early Norman England', Viator, Vol. 8, No. 1 (1977), p. 68
- David Crouch, The Normans; The History of a Dynasty (London; New York: Hambledon Continuum, 2007), p. 147
- David Crouch, The Normans; The History of a Dynasty (London; New York: Hambledon Continuum, 2007), pp. 147–48
- Frank Barlow, William Rufus (London: Methuen, 1983), p. 358
- C. Warren Hollister, 'Magnates and Curiales in Early Norman England', Viator, Vol. 8, No. 1 (1977), p. 70
- George Edward Cokayne, The complete peerage; or, A history of the House of lords and all its members from the earliest times, Vol IX, Ed. H.A. Doubleday & Howard de Walden (London: The St. Catherine Press, Ltd., 1936), p. 268 & note (g)
- Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band II (J. A. Stargardt, Marburg, Germany, 1984), Tafel 46
- George Edward Cokayne, The complete peerage; or, A history of the House of lords and all its members from the earliest times, Vol. VII, ed. H. A. Doubleday & Howard de Walden (London: The St. Catherine Press, Ltd., 1929), p. 670
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