Steroid induced skin atrophy

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Skin atrophy
Steroid-induced atrophy

Steroid induced skin atrophy is thinning of the skin as a rest of prolonged exposure to steroids. In people with psoriasis using topical steroids it occurs in up to 5% of people after a year of use.[1]

Treatment[edit]

The obvious priority is immediate discontinuation of any further topical corticosteroid use. Protection and support of the impaired skin barrier is another priority. Eliminating harsh skin regimens or products will be necessary to minimize potential for further purpura or trauma, skin sensitivity, and potential infection. Steroid Atrophy[2][3] is often permanent, though if caught soon enough and the topical corticosteroid discontinued in time, the degree of damage may be arrested or slightly improve. However, while the accompanying Telangectasias may improve marginally, the Striae is permanent and irreversible.[4]

Prevention[edit]

In general, use a potent preparation short term and weaker preparation for maintenance between flare-ups. While there is no proven best benefit-to-risk ratio,[5] if prolonged use of a topical steroid on a skin surface is required, a pulse therapy should be undertaken.

Pulse therapy refers to the application of a corticosteroid for 2 or 3 consecutive days each week or two. This is useful for maintaining control of chronic diseases. Generally a milder topical steroid or non-steroid treatment is used on the in-between days.[6]

Strong steroids should be avoided on sensitive sites such as the face, groin and armpits. Even the application of weaker or safer steroids should be limited to less than two weeks on those sites.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Castela, E; Archier, E; Devaux, S; Gallini, A; Aractingi, S; Cribier, B; Jullien, D; Aubin, F; Bachelez, H; Joly, P; Le Maître, M; Misery, L; Richard, MA; Paul, C; Ortonne, JP (May 2012). "Topical corticosteroids in plaque psoriasis: a systematic review of risk of adrenal axis suppression and skin atrophy". Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV. 26 Suppl 3: 47–51. doi:10.1111/j.1468-3083.2012.04523.x. PMID 22512680.
  2. ^ Fukaya, Mototsugu (2000). Color Atlas of Steroid Withdrawal from Corticosteroids in Patients with Atopic Dermatitis. Tokyo, Japan: Ishiyaku Publishers, Inc.
  3. ^ Fukaya, Mototsugu (June 2000). Atopic Dermatitis and Steroid Withdrawal (1st ed.). Japan: Ishiyaku Pub, Inc. p. 107. ISBN 978-4-263-20140-4. (skin atrophy caused during application of the steroid ointment).
  4. ^ "Steroid Atrophy".
  5. ^ "Choosing Topical Corticosteroids".
  6. ^ "Course on topical steroids".
  7. ^ "The long term side effects of steroids in topicals".