Stone wall

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Stone walls)
Jump to: navigation, search
City wall in Worms, Germany
Defensive stone wall and moat in Fortress of Akkerman in Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi, Ukraine
Stone wall of Kumamoto Castle

Stone walls are a kind of masonry construction that has been used for thousands of years. The first stone walls were constructed by farmers and primitive people by piling loose field stones into a dry stone wall. Later, mortar and plaster were used, especially in the construction of city walls, castles, and other fortifications before and during the Middle Ages. These stone walls are spread throughout the world in different forms. One of the best example is the Cyclopean Wall in Rajgir, India.[1]

Materials[edit]

Stone walls are usually made of local materials varying from limestone and flint to granite and sandstone. However, the quality of building stone varies greatly, both in its endurance to weathering, resistance to water penetration and in its ability to be worked into regular shapes before construction. Worked stone is usually known as ashlar, and is often used for corners in stone buildings. Granite is very resistant to weathering, while some limestones are very weak. Other limestones, such as Portland stone, are more weather-resistant.

Dimensions[edit]

Large structures are usually made of very thick walls, so that castles and cathedrals possess walls which may be up to 12 feet thick. They normally consist of a layered stone exterior and rubble infill.

Stone wall around Hammersmith Farm, Newport, Rhode Island, 1968

See also[edit]

a wall for marking the borders of an estate

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Cyclopean Wall Rajgir". Travel News India. 2017-03-07. Retrieved 2017-03-09.