Strandarkirkja

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Strandarkirkja
The Coastal Church
Strandarkirkja.jpg
Strandarkirkja
63°50′00″N 21°42′00″W / 63.83333°N 21.70000°W / 63.83333; -21.70000Coordinates: 63°50′00″N 21°42′00″W / 63.83333°N 21.70000°W / 63.83333; -21.70000
Location Ölfus Municipality, Southern Region
Country Iceland
Denomination Lutheran
Website Website of the Church
History
Founded 12th Century
Architecture
Status Active
Functional status Parish Church
Completed 1888
Administration
Parish Þorlákshafnarprestkall
Deanery Strandarsókn
Clergy
Pastor(s) Baldur Kristjánsson

Strandarkirkja is a Lutheran (Church of Iceland) parish church in Selvogur, on the southern coast of Iceland. The church, rising from the coast and pointing its tower towards the heavens, has been a beacon for those travelling at sea. It has more supporters all over the world than any other church in Iceland and is often referred to as the 'miracle church' with the locals' longstanding belief that it has profound, divine powers.[1]

History[edit]

Front view of Strandarkirkja

The Church was originally built sometime in the 12th century. The story relates that there is one night when a group of sailors tried to navigate back to Iceland in a storm. The southern coast of Iceland is notorious for its hidden reefs and rough coast. The distressed sailors prayed to God for a safe return and vowed to build a church wherever they landed. When they ended their prayer an angel, seemingly made of light, appeared before their bow. The angel guided them through the rough surfs and led the crew into a bay for safe landing. The sailors, making good on the promise, built a wooden church at the site and named it Strandarkirkja. The bay nearby is named Angel's Bay (Engilsvík in Icelandic) to commemorate the incident.[2] Many miracles have been attributed to Strandarkirkja and there was a time when it was one of the richest churches in Iceland from the donations of Icelanders coming from all over the country in hopes of having their prayers and wishes realized.[3]

The Estate of Strönd[edit]

In earlier times Strönd (Coast in Icelandic) was a rich farm, where both sea and land gave generously.[4] The pastures were rich, consisting of good land facing south for grazing sheep and sheltered from the cold northern wind by the mountain Hlíðarfjall 5-6km north of Selvogur. The good fishing grounds were also not far away so the farmers in Selvogur reaped from both the land and the sea. In addition to this there were mentions of farmers collecting timber from woods nearby and having the right to collect eggs and kill birds in the sea-cliffs at Krísuvíkurberg.

Census Population of Selvogur, 1703-2015 [5]
Year Inhabitants
1703 154
1729 120
1801 115
1901 115
1920 114
1930 100
1990 12
2010 13
2015 14

Selvogur[edit]

Strandarkirkja served as the parish church of the community of Selvogur (Seal Cove in Icelandic). In the early days of Icelandic settlement the area had numerous substantial farms. The town is first mentioned in Sturlunga Saga, where Gissur Þorvaldsson allows Dufgusi Þorleifsson take up residence there in the summer of 1238.[6]

Landsýn in front of Strandarkirkja.

Over the years, the town began to decline as wind and water erosion began to cause a collapse of the farming culture. The population has dwindled substantially as people started to move into cities, dropping to little more than 110 at the turn of the 20th Century and to 14 people in 2015.[7] Selvogur now has only a couple of isolated farms and a popular free campground, as well as a café T-Bær for the travelers passing through. Around the church, many abandoned farmhouses and other ruins can be seen.

Present day[edit]

Strandarkirkja still functions as a parish church, although only on occasion. There is no longer a regular service for the small populace of Selvogur. The church is open in summer, from mid-May to August, hosting biweekly services, and is also open on weekends in spring and autumn.[8] In addition, masses are also held by the parish priest on Christmas, Easter, and Pentecost. A harvest sermon (Uppskerumessa) is held at the end of August by ancient tradition to celebrate the end of the harvest season. There is also a fisherman's mass (Veiðimannamessa) in October that is open to all, but primarily caters to the hunters with their hunting cabin at the nearby Hlíðarvatn, a lake owned by the church.

A statue of Norwegian granite carved by the Icelandic sculptor Gunnfríður Jónsdóttir in 1950 called Landsýn, or 'Land in Sight', now stands by Strandarkirkja to commemorate the story of the church's founding. Gunnfríður Jónsdóttir herself is buried in the Strandarkirkja cemetery.

Interior view of the ceiling decor in Strandarkirkja

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Guðrún Rannveig Stefánsdóttir, "Strandarkirkja, áheitastaður í norðri", Church of Iceland (Icelandic)
  2. ^ Magnús Guðjónsson, Strandarkirkja í Selvogi, 3rd ed. Reykjavík, 2001 (Icelandic)
  3. ^ Pétur Pétursson, Kristni á Íslandi, Reykjavík, 2000 (Icelandic)
  4. ^ Konrád Bjarnarson and Rev. Magnús Guðjónsson, Strandarkirkja (Icelandic)
  5. ^ http://px.hagstofa.is/pxen/pxweb/en/Samfelag/Samfelag__menning__5_trufelog/MAN10297.px/table/tableViewLayout1/?rxid=6ffa2c02-bac9-4199-bd4f-d95201730e51, Statistics Iceland.
  6. ^ "Sturlunga saga", in: Rudolf Simek and Hermann Pálsson, Lexikon der altnordischen Literatur, Kröners Taschenausgabe 490, Stuttgart: Kröner, 1987, ISBN 9783520490018, pp. 339–41 (German)
  7. ^ "Strandarsokn", http://px.hagstofa.is/pxen/pxweb/en/Samfelag/Samfelag__menning__5_trufelog/MAN10297.px/table/tableViewLayout1/?rxid=6ffa2c02-bac9-4199-bd4f-d95201730e51, Statistics Iceland.
  8. ^ Strandakirkja, The Iceland Museum Guide, 2013, retrieved 14 May 2014.