Strawbridge v. Curtiss

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Strawbridge v. Curtiss
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
Argued February 12, 1806
Decided February 13, 1806
Full case name Strawbridge, et al. v. Curtiss, et al.
Citations 7 U.S. 267 (more)
3 Cranch 267; 1806 WL 1213 (U.S.Mass.); 2 L.Ed. 435
A controversy is not "between citizens of different states," so as to give jurisdiction to the federal courts, unless all the persons on one side of it are citizens of different states from all the persons on the other side.
Court membership
Case opinions
Majority Marshall, joined by unanimous
Laws applied
Judiciary Act of 1789

Strawbridge v. Curtiss, 7 U.S. 267 (1806),[1] was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States first addressed the question of complete diversity. In a 158 word opinion the court held that for federal diversity jurisdiction under section 11 of the Judiciary Act of 1789, no party on one side of a suit may be a citizen of the same state as any party on the other side. Therefore, when there are joint plaintiffs or defendants, jurisdiction must be established as to each party. This requirement remains in law as a matter of statutory interpretation, not constitutional law.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ 7 U.S. 267 Full text of the opinion courtesy of