Stridon

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The Stridon bishopric seat in the Roman province Dalmatia (in today's Bosnia) on map of the Roman Empire about 395 CE, from Historical Atlas (1911) by William R. Shepherd
In this 1752 book titled Natale solum magni ecclesiae doctoris sancti Hieronymi in ruderibus Stridonis occultatum ("Birthplace of Saint Jerome."), Croatian Pauline Josip Bedeković Komorski of the Sveta Jelena monastery refers to Štrigova in Međimurje County as the birthplace of Saint Jerome.

Stridon (Latin: Strido Dalmatiae) was a town in the Roman province of Dalmatia. The town is known as the birthplace of Saint Jerome. From Stridon also came the priest Lupicinus of Stridon. Although Domnus of Pannonia, a bishop who took part in the First Council of Nicaea, is often said to have hailed from or been bishop of Stridon, he was in fact bishop of Sirmium. In 379 the town was destroyed by the Goths. Jerome wrote about it in his work De viris illustribus:[1] "Jerome was born to his father Eusebius, [in the] town of Strido, which the Goths overthrew, and was once at the border between Dalmatia and Pannonia." ("Hieronymus patre Eusebio natus, oppido Stridonis, quod a Gothis eversum, Dalmatiae quondam Pannoniaeque confinium fuit...").

The exact location of Stridon is unknown. It is possible Stridon was located either in modern Croatia or Slovenia. Possible locations are the vicinity of Ljubljana,[2] Starod (Slovenia), Sdrin, Štrigova, Zrenj, Zrin (Croatia) and many others in both countries.[3][4][5] However, according to other sources, such as Frane Bulić in his work Stridon (Grahovopolje u Bosni) rodno mjesto Svetoga Jeronima: rasprava povjesno-geografska (1920) and the geographical map of the Roman Empire in 395 CE from Historical Atlas (1911) by William R. Shepherd, Stridon, which was the seat of a bishopric, is placed at 44.2N, 17.7E, in today's Bosnia and Herzegovina, in Grahovsko polje [bs], near the town of Grahovo.[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jerome, De viris illustribus, ch. 135.
  2. ^ "Decorative Arts: Renaissance - Saint Jerome and the Lion". Louvre.fr. 2010. Archived from the original on 15 June 2011. Retrieved 1 February 2010.
  3. ^ "Neizčrpen vir" [An inexhaustible resource]. www.druzina.si.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ Josip Florschütz (October 1902). "Stridon i Zrin" [Stridon and Zrin] (PDF). Vjesnik Arheološkog muzeja u Zagrebu (in Croatian). 6 (1): 87–98. ISSN 0350-7165. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  5. ^ Antun Mayer (January 1942). "Stridon" [Stridon] (PDF). Vjesnik Arheološkog muzeja u Zagrebu (in Croatian). 22–23 (1): 175–185. ISSN 0350-7165. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  6. ^ Bulić, Frane (1920). "Stridon (Grahovopolje u Bosni) rodno mjesto Svetoga Jeronima: rasprava povjesno-geografska" [Stridon (Grahovopolje in Bosnia) the birthplace of St. Jerome: a historical-geographical discussion]. Journal of Dalmatian Archeology and History, v. 43 (in Bosnian and Croatian). Zemaljska štamparija - Sarajevo. Retrieved 30 October 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ Shepherd, William R. (1911). "The Roman Empire about 395". Historical Atlas. New York: Henry Holt and Company. pp. 42–43. Retrieved 4 March 2019.