Stripe rust (barley)
|Puccinia striiformis f.sp. hordei|
|Subspecies:||P. s. f.sp. hordei|
|Puccinia striiformis f.sp. hordei
|Causal agents||Puccinia striiformis f. sp. hordei|
|Distribution||United States (Idaho, Washington, Oregon)|
Stripe rust is a fungal disease of barley caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. hordei. a forma specialis of Puccinia striiformis. It was first detected in the United States in 1991, in northern and eastern Idaho in 1993, In 1995 it was detected for the first time in western Washington and western Oregon and is currently considered to be well established there. The disease initially develops at a small loci within a field and spreads rapidly and has caused significant losses in areas where climatic conditions of are cool and wet.
Infections produce linear, orange-yellow pustules appear on leaves and/or heads. As the disease progresses, pustules coalesce to form long stripes between leaf veins. On susceptible cultivars, entire leaf blades may be covered with pustules. The black spore stage develops as linear black pustules covered by the leaf epidermis.
Puccinia striiformis f. sp. hordei, is an obligate parasite that overseasons on volunteer barley or rye, certain wild barleys such as Hordeum jubatum (foxtail barley), wheat, and numerous perennial grass species.
The disease begins from a very small number of infections that are difficult or impossible to detect in the field. Spread of the pathogen can be explosive and cause significant losses, especially in the Pacific Northwest where cool, wet weather greatly favors disease development.
Chen, X.M.; R.F. Line; H. Leung (1995). "Virulence and polymorphic DNA relationships of Puccinia striformis f.sp. hordei to other rust" (PDF). Plant Dis. 85: 1334–1342.
Chen, X.M.; R.F. Line (1999). "Recessive genes for resistance to Puccinia striiformis f. sp. hordei in barley" (PDF). Phytopathology. 89 (3): 226–232. doi:10.1094/PHYTO.19126.96.36.199. PMID 18944763.
Marshall, D.; R.L. Sutton (1995). "Epidemiology of stripe rust, virulence of Puccinia striiformis f.sp. hordei and yield loss in barley" (PDF). Phytopathology. 79 (7): 732–737. doi:10.1094/pd-79-0732.
- http://plant-disease.ippc.orst.edu/disease.cfm?RecordID=116 Extension publication - US: Oregon
- http://www.dpi.vic.gov.au/dpi/nreninf.nsf/childdocs/-22C871BE2A0105794A2568B30004D413-3C5B474B480825C8CA256BC700824574-78F1BBD6496F89034A256DEA00274EEC-FC12E4D8B8736B23CA256CF7000B0281?open Extension publication - Australia