Stuart S. Stryker
Stuart S. Stryker
|Born||October 30, 1924|
|Died||March 24, 1945 (aged 20)|
|Place of burial|
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||1943–1945|
|Rank||Private First Class|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
• Operation Varsity †
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Born on October 30, 1924, in Portland, Oregon, Stryker joined the Army from that city in July 1943. He served in Europe as a private first class in Company E of the 513th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 17th Airborne Division.
During Operation Varsity on March 24, 1945, Stryker's company attacked a strongly defended building near Wesel, Germany. When a platoon tasked with making a frontal assault became pinned down by intense fire, Stryker voluntarily ran to the head of the unit, called for the soldiers to follow him, and charged the German position. He was killed by hostile fire 25 yards (23 m) from the building. His attack provided a diversion which allowed other elements of Company E to take the position, capturing over 200 soldiers and freeing three American airmen held as prisoners by the Germans. For these actions, Stryker was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor nine months later, on December 11, 1945. He was one of three people to earn the medal during Operation Varsity, the others being Private First Class George J. Peters and Technical Sergeant Clinton Hedrick.
Aged 20 at his death, Stryker was buried at Golden Gate National Cemetery in San Bruno, California. In 2002, the U.S. Army named its new armored fighting vehicle "Stryker" in honor of both Stuart Stryker and fellow Medal of Honor recipient Robert F. Stryker. (no relation)
Medal of Honor citation
Stryker's official Medal of Honor citation reads:
He was a platoon runner, when the unit assembled near Wesel, Germany after a descent east of the Rhine. Attacking along a railroad, Company E reached a point about 250 yards from a large building used as an enemy headquarters and manned by a powerful force of Germans with rifles, machineguns, and 4 field pieces. One platoon made a frontal assault but was pinned down by intense fire from the house after advancing only 50 yards. So badly stricken that it could not return the raking fire, the platoon was at the mercy of German machine gunners when PFC. Stryker voluntarily left a place of comparative safety, and, armed with a carbine, ran to the head of the unit. In full view of the enemy and under constant fire, he exhorted the men to get to their feet and follow him. Inspired by his fearlessness, they rushed after him in a desperate charge through an increased hail of bullets. Twenty-five yards from the objective the heroic soldier was killed by the enemy fusillades. His gallant and wholly voluntary action in the face of overwhelming firepower, however, so encouraged his comrades and diverted the enemy's attention that other elements of the company were able to surround the house, capturing more than 200 hostile soldiers and much equipment, besides freeing 3 members of an American bomber crew held prisoner there. The intrepidity and unhesitating self-sacrifice of PFC. Stryker were in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service.
- List of Medal of Honor recipients for World War II
- George J. Peters awarded the Medal of Honor for an action during the same operation, on the same day
- Frederick George Topham awarded the Victoria Cross for an action during the same operation,on the same day
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History.
- "Stuart S. Stryker". Hall of Valor. Military Times. Retrieved June 10, 2011.
- "Medal of Honor Recipients – World War II (M–S)". Medal of Honor Citations. United States Army Center of Military History. December 3, 2010. Retrieved June 10, 2011.
- WWII Army Enlistment Records
- "Golden Gate National Cemetery". U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. January 6, 2011. Retrieved June 10, 2011.
- Stuart S. Stryker at Find a Grave
- Wright, Robert K.; John T. Greenwood (2007). Airborne forces at war: from parachute test platoon to the 21st century. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. p. 85. ISBN 978-1-59114-028-3.