Student Day (Iran)

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16 Azar incident
Part of Constitutionalization attempts in Iran
Date7 December 1953
Caused byOpposition to American vice president Richard Nixon's impending visit to Iran
MethodsStudent strike, student riot
Resulted inProtests suppressed
Parties to the civil conflict

Student Day (Persian: روز دانشجو‎) is the anniversary of the murder of three students of University of Tehran on December 7, 1953 (16 Azar 1332 in the Iranian calendar) by Iranian police in the Pahlavi era.[2] Every year there are local demonstrations at many universities organised by students. The government also organises a national demonstration which sometimes clashes with student organised protests. The 2016 date is December 6.[3]

It is commemorated by various sections of the student movement in Iran, including Leftist, Islamic, and Nationalist groups. Ahmad Ghandchi who belonged to Jebhe-e Melli (Nationalist Front) and two other students, Shariat-Razavi and Bozorg-Nia who were claimed by Hezb-e Tudeh (a communist Party), were killed when the Shah's police forces opened fire on the students of University of Tehran going on strike in protest at the resumption of Iran's relations with Great Britain and Richard Nixon's visit to Iran, following the coup d'état of 1953.[4] On the anniversary of Student Day in 2009, large student protests broke out in opposition to the 2009 Iranian Presidential election.

Following the December 7, 2009 Student Day protests in Iran, Heshmat Tabarzadi published an opinion piece in the Wall Street Journal, writing, "One thing is certain: Dec. 7 proved that the movement for a free, democratic Iran is robust and only growing in strength. If the government continues to opt for violence, there very well may be another revolution in Iran. One side has to step down. And that side is the government—-not the people."[5]



  1. ^ a b c d Gholamreza Azari Khakestar (26 July 2015). Translated by Zahra Hosseinian. "Looking at the student movement in Mashhad (1)". Oral History Weekly.
  2. ^ Yaghmaian, Behzad (2002). Social change in Iran: an eyewitness account of dissent, defiance, and new movements for rights. SUNY Press. p. 240. ISBN 978-0-7914-5211-0.
  3. ^
  4. ^ In defense of Marxism - Student Day in Iran: Breaking the climate of fear and intimidation Archived 2013-01-28 at
  5. ^ Tabarzadi, Heshmat (17 December 2009). "What I See on the Frontline in Iran". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved December 29, 2009.