Student Day (Iran)

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16 Azar incident
Part of Constitutionalization attempts in Iran
Mohammad Khatami speech in Faculty of Engineering - University of Tehran - December 6, 2004.png
President Mohammad Khatami speech in Faculty of Engineering, University of Tehran in December 6, 2004
Date 7 December 1953
Location University of Tehran
Causes Opposition to American vice president Richard Nixon's impending visit to Iran
Methods Student strike, student riot
Result Protests suppressed
Parties to the civil conflict
Casualties
None

Student Day (Persian: روز دانشجو‎‎) is the anniversary of the murder of three students of University of Tehran on December 7, 1953 (16 Azar 1332 in the Iranian calendar) by Iranian police in the Pahlavi era.[2] Every year there are local demonstrations at many universities organised by students. The government also organises a national demonstration which sometimes clashes with student organised protests. The 2016 date is December 6.[3]

It is commemorated both by religious and secular student movements. Ahmad Ghandchi who belonged to Jebhe-e Melli and two other students, Shariat-Razavi and Bozorg-Nia who were claimed by Hezb-e Tudeh, were killed when the Shah's police forces opened fire on the students of University of Tehran going on strike in protest at the resumption of Iran's relations with Great Britain and Nixon's visit to Iran, following the coup d'état of 1953.[4] On the anniversary of Student Day in 2009, large student protests broke out in opposition to the 2009 Iranian Presidential election.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Gholamreza Azari Khakestar (26 July 2015). Translated by Zahra Hosseinian. "Looking at the student movement in Mashhad (1)". Oral History Weekly. 
  2. ^ Yaghmaian, Behzad (2002). Social change in Iran: an eyewitness account of dissent, defiance, and new movements for rights. SUNY Press. p. 240. ISBN 978-0-7914-5211-0. 
  3. ^ http://calendar.zoznam.sk/persian_calendar-en.php
  4. ^ In defense of Marxism - Student Day in Iran: Breaking the climate of fear and intimidation