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|Su Qing (苏青)|
Ningbo, Zhejiang Province
Feng Heyi (冯和仪)|
Su Qing (苏青)
|Notable works||Ten Years of Marriage|
Su Qing 苏青 (1914–1982) was a twentieth century Chinese writer. She was a contemporary of Eileen Chang, another famous female writer from China, and is often compared with her.
Su Qing was born in 1914 in Ningbo, Zhejiang Province. In 1933, at the age of nineteen, she was admitted to the National Centre University (now called Nanjing University). Her parents, however, did not think it was proper for a girl to receive such an education.
Due to family pressure, she quit school and married a man her parents selected for her. She moved to Shanghai with her husband. In the 1940s, after an unhappy ten year marriage, she and her husband divorced. She then started her new life as an occupational writer.
She was appointed as an editor at Shaoxing Opera Group after the Anti-Japanese War. After the War of Liberation, she paid heavily for the fame she had acquired. In 1955, she was put in jail for some ridiculous reasons. She died in 1982 in Shanghai, where she became famous, after struggling with poverty and illness.
Su Qing was once called Feng Yunzhuang (Chinese: 冯允庄) and used the name Feng Heyi (Chinese: 冯和仪) for her early works. Later, she used Su Qing as her pen name. 1935 is the year she started her writing career. Delivery (Chinese: 产女) is her first work which was published in the magazine called Lun Yu. Most of her works are published in magazines including: The Wind of the Universe (Chinese: 宇宙风), Yi Jing (Chinese: 逸经), Ancient and Modern (Chinese: 古今), The Talk about the weather (Chinese: 风雨谈) and The Heaven and Earth (Chinese: 天地).
Her representative work, Ten Years of Marriage (Chinese: 结婚十年) was published in 1943. The semi-autobiographical work describes her experiences about her life since she was married. It contains her feeling of marriage at first, the bitterness and happiness of delivery, the extramarital love and the associations with different kinds of men. Owing to the authentic descriptions of sexual psychology, she was described as a bold female writer and got both praise and blame. The fiction had its separate edition the following year. Ten Years of Marriage had 18 editions at the end of 1948, which surpassed Eileen Chang’s fiction. In 1947, she created the continuation of Ten Years of Marriage.
During the years at Shaoxing Opera Group, she compiled these plays: Hate Remains in the Land, Qu Yuan, Baoyu and Daiyu and The Biography of Li Wa. Baoyu and Daiyu has been performed more than 300 times since 1954 and created the highest records of the Opera group.