Supervision

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Supervision is an act or instance of directing, managing, or oversight.

Etymology[edit]

The English noun "supervision" derives from the two Latin words "super" (above) and "videre" (see, observe).

Spelling[edit]

The spelling is "Supervision" in Standard English of all English linguistic varieties, including North American English.[1]

Definitions[edit]

Supervision is the act or function of overseeing something or somebody.[2]

A person who performs supervision is a "supervisor", but does not always have the formal title of supervisor. A person who is getting supervision is the "supervisee".

Theoretical scope[edit]

Generally, supervision contains elements of providing knowledge, helping to organize tasks, enhance motivation, and monitoring activity and results; the amount of each element is varying in different contexts.[3]

Nature of supervision[edit]

Academia[edit]

In academia, supervision is aiding and guiding of a postgraduate research student, graduate student, or undergraduate student, in their research project; offering both moral support and scientific insight and guidance.[4] The supervisor is often a senior scientist or scholar, and in some countries called doctoral advisor.

Business[edit]

In business, supervision is overseeing the work of staff. The person performing supervision could lack a formal title or carry the title supervisor or manager, where the latter has wider authority.[5]

Counseling[edit]

In clinical supervision, the psychologist or psychiatrist has talk sessions with another professional in the field to debrief and mentally process the patient work. [6]

Society[edit]

In society, supervision could be performed by the state or corporate entities to monitor and control its citizens.[7] Public entities often do supervision of different activities in the nation, such as bank supervision.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ New Oxford American English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 2010. ISBN 9780195392883. 
  2. ^ supervizion.com. "Supervision or Supervizion". Retrieved 16 December 2015. 
  3. ^ supervizion.com. "Supervision or Supervizion". Retrieved 16 December 2015. 
  4. ^ 1944-, Remenyi, D., (2004). Research supervision for supervisors and their students. Money, Arthur H., 1941-. Kidmore End: Academic Conferences International. ISBN 0954709608. OCLC 55889551. 
  5. ^ Asgar, Jack (2008). Supervision - The Organizational Role of Supervisors: What Every Supervisor Needs to Know. Universal-Publishers. ISBN 9781599429694. 
  6. ^ Ladany, Nicholas; Bradley, Loretta J. (2011). Counselor Supervision. Routledge. ISBN 9781135966508. 
  7. ^ Gilliom, John; Monahan, Torin (2012). SuperVision: An Introduction to the Surveillance Society. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226924458.