Susan Gal (born 1949) is the Mae & Sidney G. Metzl Distinguished Service Professor of Anthropology, of Linguistics, and of Social Sciences at the University of Chicago, and a member of the editorial board of American Anthropologist. She is the author or co-author of several books and numerous articles on linguistic anthropology, gender and politics, and the social history of Eastern Europe. She received her B.A. in psychology and anthropology from Barnard College in 1970, and received her PhD from the University of California, Berkeley in 1976. She taught at Rutgers University from 1977 to 1994, and then moved to the University of Chicago, serving as the Chair of the Department of Anthropology between 1999 and 2002. She received the Simon Guggenheim Memorial Fellowship in 2002 for the study of language ideologies and political authority during and after socialism, and has been awarded the SSRC-ACLS International Fellowship, as well as Fulbright and NIMH Fellowships. In 2007 Gal was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Her first book, Language Shift: Social Determinants of Linguistic Change in Bilingual Austria, was published in 1979 and examined the linguistic situation of a Hungarian minority in the town of Burgenland, Austria. As Richard Coates states in his review of the book, the book argues that 'language shift is essentially a symbolic change correlated with the changing relative status of the value-systems which each language symbolizes, and not a simple function of industrialization, urbanization or some other large-scale social change.' Gal co-wrote the book The Politics of Gender After Socialism (2000) with Gail Kligman, which won the 2001 Heldt Prize (awarded by the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies), and co-edited the anthology Reproducing Gender: Politics, Publics, and Everyday Life after Socialism with Kligman. These books examine the complex relationship between ideas and practices of gender and political economic change, taking the post-Soviet transition across a number of East Central European countries as case studies.
- Gal, Susan (2009). "Language and Political Space". In P. Auer & J.E. Schmidt. Language and Space. Mouton de Gruyter. pp. 33–50. ISBN 9783110180022.
- Gal, Susan (2006). "Linguistic Anthropology". In K. Brown. The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-08-044854-1.
- Gal, Susan (2005). "Language ideologies compared: Metaphors and circulations of public and private". Journal of Linguistic Anthropology. 15 (1): 23–37. doi:10.1525/jlin.2005.15.1.23.
- Gal, Susan (2002). "A Semiotics of the Public/Private Distinction". differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies. 13 (1): 77–95. doi:10.1215/10407391-13-1-77.
- Gal, Susan; Woolard, Kathryn (2001). Languages and Publics: The Making of Authority. Manchester: St. Jerome’s Press. ISBN 1900650436.
- Gal, Susan; Kligman, Gail (2000). The Politics of Gender After Socialism: A Comparative Historical Essay. Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691048949.
- Gal, Susan; Kligman, Gail (2000). Reproducing Gender: Politics, Publics, and Everyday Life after Socialism. Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691048680.
- Gal, Susan (1979). Language Shift: Social Determinants of Linguistic Change in Bilingual Austria. Academic Press. ISBN 0122737504.
- Gal, Susan (1978). "Peasant men can't get wives: Language change and sex roles in a bilingual community". Language in Society. 7 (1): 1–16. doi:10.1017/s0047404500005303.
- "Susan Gal". University of Chicago Department of Anthropology. 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-21.
- "Curriculum Vitae, Susan Gal" (PDF). cloudfront.net. 2016. Retrieved September 22, 2018.
- "Susan Gal". Department of Anthropology - University of Chicago. Retrieved September 22, 2018.
- "Susan Gal". Department of Linguistics - University of Chicago. Retrieved September 22, 2018.
- "Susan Gal". John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-03-04. Retrieved 2013-02-21.
- "Laurels to Linguists Archive". Linguistic Society of America. 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-21.
- Coates, Richard. "S. Gal Language shift. Social determinants of linguistic change in bilingual Austria. New York: Academic Press, 1979. Pp. xii + 201". Journal of Linguistics. 17 (1): 131–133. doi:10.1017/S0022226700006824 – via Cambridge Core.
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