Susanite with macphersonite and lanarkite from the Susanna Mine, Leadhills
|Crystal class||Rhombohedral (3)
H-M symbol: (3)
|Unit cell||a = 9.07, c = 11.57 [Å]; Z = 3|
|Color||Colorless, white, pale green, pale yellow, brown|
|Crystal habit||Occurs as equant to acute rhombohedral crystals|
|Mohs scale hardness||2.5 - 3|
|Optical properties||Uniaxial (anomalously biaxial)|
Susannite is a lead sulfate carbonate hydroxide mineral. It has the formula Pb4SO4(CO3)2(OH)2. Susannite is the higher temperature phase of the two and forms above 80 °C when fluids oxidize the lead ore deposits. It is trimorphous with leadhillite and macphersonite.
It was discovered in 1827 in the Susannah Mine, Leadhills in the county of Lanark, Scotland. In addition to the type locality in Scotland, it has also been reported from various locations in Germany, the Tiger Mine in Pinal County, Arizona, from Iporanga, Sao Paulo, Brazil, and the Tsumeb mine of Namibia.
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